A Messinian and lithified horizon enriched in volcanic particles with thicknesses of 170-180 cm crops in the Camporotondo (CR) section (Marche, Italy). This volcanic-rich layer (VRL) was investigated by field plus mesoscopic observations, X-ray powder diffraction (XRPD), scanning electron microscopy (SEM), bulk composition methods and electron-microprobe analysis (EMPA). The quantitative textural features of volcanic and sedimentary components were determined by 2D image analysis. The lowermost massive 70-80 cm portion is free of sedimentary structure or characterised only by plane-parallel ones, whereas the uppermost one is undulated and cross-laminated. The XRPD and SEM outcomes unveil that the VRL of CR is mainly composed of glassy shards (>= 80 area%), a variable amount of sedimentary minerals (<20 area%) and a very low content of magmatic minerals (few area%). The bulk and micro-chemical attributes of volcanic and glassy materials are rhyolitic and almost identical to previous VRLs dated at 5.5 Ma (VRL-5.5). The signatures of immobile elements and the high amount of H2O present in the glass fraction suggest a provenance from a convergent geodynamic setting. The 2D image analysis on SEM observations show that the VRL-5.5 of CR is composed of very fine and sorted (averages of M-Z of 5,72 and sigma(i) of 0,70), scarcely vesicular, glass shards, with similar long and short size dimensions, shape and roundness. The VRL-5.5 of CR is free of large minerals and fossils. The coupling of mesoscopic and microscopic determinations indicates that the lowermost interval was deposited such as a primary tephra, i.e., fallout pyroclasts sinking in seawater. Instead, the uppermost interval derives from local, low-energy and sin-depositional remobilisation of the same VRL-5.5. The textural attributes of the volcanic fractions, the sedimentological features and the thickness of the VRL at CR correspond to the westward deposit of a still unknown eruption likely occurred at 5.5 Ma.

The Volcanic-Rich Layer of the "Camporotondo (Marche, Italy)" Section: Petrography and Sedimentation of an Unknown Distal Messinian Eruption

Potere, D
;
Scisciani, V;Nazzari, M;
2022-01-01

Abstract

A Messinian and lithified horizon enriched in volcanic particles with thicknesses of 170-180 cm crops in the Camporotondo (CR) section (Marche, Italy). This volcanic-rich layer (VRL) was investigated by field plus mesoscopic observations, X-ray powder diffraction (XRPD), scanning electron microscopy (SEM), bulk composition methods and electron-microprobe analysis (EMPA). The quantitative textural features of volcanic and sedimentary components were determined by 2D image analysis. The lowermost massive 70-80 cm portion is free of sedimentary structure or characterised only by plane-parallel ones, whereas the uppermost one is undulated and cross-laminated. The XRPD and SEM outcomes unveil that the VRL of CR is mainly composed of glassy shards (>= 80 area%), a variable amount of sedimentary minerals (<20 area%) and a very low content of magmatic minerals (few area%). The bulk and micro-chemical attributes of volcanic and glassy materials are rhyolitic and almost identical to previous VRLs dated at 5.5 Ma (VRL-5.5). The signatures of immobile elements and the high amount of H2O present in the glass fraction suggest a provenance from a convergent geodynamic setting. The 2D image analysis on SEM observations show that the VRL-5.5 of CR is composed of very fine and sorted (averages of M-Z of 5,72 and sigma(i) of 0,70), scarcely vesicular, glass shards, with similar long and short size dimensions, shape and roundness. The VRL-5.5 of CR is free of large minerals and fossils. The coupling of mesoscopic and microscopic determinations indicates that the lowermost interval was deposited such as a primary tephra, i.e., fallout pyroclasts sinking in seawater. Instead, the uppermost interval derives from local, low-energy and sin-depositional remobilisation of the same VRL-5.5. The textural attributes of the volcanic fractions, the sedimentological features and the thickness of the VRL at CR correspond to the westward deposit of a still unknown eruption likely occurred at 5.5 Ma.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11564/793871
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