This study is aimed at evaluating vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) expression in the salivary glands of diabetic rats. Our study was carried out on 1 group of male Wistar rats and 1 group of male Bio Breeding Wistar (BB/W) pre-diabetic rats. The first group (control) was composed of 11 rats (4 months old), and the other (test) of 11 rats (4 months old) which showed diabetes at day 85 of life. This kind of diabetes can be compared to human diabetes mellitus type 1. The submandibular glands were removed and processed for immunohistochemical analysis of VEGF. Diabetes increased salivary gland VEGF expression in the rats. The tissues analyzed (vascular endothelium, ductal endothelium, mucinous glands) always expressed VEGF, thus demonstrating that not only vascular endothelial cells, but also the other elements evaluated, have a role in the neoangiogenesis process. In both control and diabetic rats, the VEGF expression was constantly negative only in serous acini; thus demonstrating that serous acini are not involved in the neoangiogenetic processes. The vascular growth is a fundamental part of normal salivary gland development, therefore we speculate that strategies aimed at preservation or promotion of salivary gland VEGF expression may mitigate or attenuate diabetic-induced gland microvascular injury.

Vascular endothelial growth factor expression (VEGF) in salivary glands of diabetic rats

PERROTTI, Vittoria;PIATTELLI, Adriano;DI GIULIO, Camillo;ARTESE, Luciano
2007

Abstract

This study is aimed at evaluating vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) expression in the salivary glands of diabetic rats. Our study was carried out on 1 group of male Wistar rats and 1 group of male Bio Breeding Wistar (BB/W) pre-diabetic rats. The first group (control) was composed of 11 rats (4 months old), and the other (test) of 11 rats (4 months old) which showed diabetes at day 85 of life. This kind of diabetes can be compared to human diabetes mellitus type 1. The submandibular glands were removed and processed for immunohistochemical analysis of VEGF. Diabetes increased salivary gland VEGF expression in the rats. The tissues analyzed (vascular endothelium, ductal endothelium, mucinous glands) always expressed VEGF, thus demonstrating that not only vascular endothelial cells, but also the other elements evaluated, have a role in the neoangiogenesis process. In both control and diabetic rats, the VEGF expression was constantly negative only in serous acini; thus demonstrating that serous acini are not involved in the neoangiogenetic processes. The vascular growth is a fundamental part of normal salivary gland development, therefore we speculate that strategies aimed at preservation or promotion of salivary gland VEGF expression may mitigate or attenuate diabetic-induced gland microvascular injury.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11564/110908
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