STATEMENT OF PROBLEM: Debonding is a common cause of failure encountered with fiber posts and usually occurs along the post space-dentin adhesive interface. The ideal thickness of the resin cement needed to improve retentive bond strength is unknown. PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effect of 4 different post-space diameters and related resin cement film thicknesses on the bond strength between fiber posts and root dentin. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Eighty human maxillary central incisors with similar root lengths were selected, sectioned at the cemento-enamel junction, and the roots were treated endodontically. The roots were divided into 4 groups (n=20), and the post spaces were prepared to a depth of 8 mm using 1 of 4 different drills with a different diameter: Torpan drill ISO 90 for the control group (D90); and Torpan Drill ISO 100 (D100), Torpan Drill ISO 120 (D120), or Enapost Drill ISO 140 (D140) for the 3 test groups. Quartz fiber posts (Endo Lightpost), 0.9 mm in apical diameter, were luted (Panavia 21) in each specimen after dentin bonding procedures. The specimens were then subjected to a pullout test using a universal testing machine at a crosshead speed of 1.0 mm/min, and the maximum force required to dislodge each post was recorded (N). Data were analyzed using 1-way ANOVA and Tukey multiple comparisons tests (a=.05). RESULTS: The mean bond strength values (SD) in N for the experimental groups D100 (181.7 (55.3)) and D120 (210.7 (55.0)) were higher (P=.036 and <.001, respectively) than that obtained for the D90 control group (138.5 (49.2)). The lowest mean value was recorded for the D140 group (91.1 (36.0)). All experimental groups showed significantly different results, when compared to the control group. A multiple comparison between experimental groups showed significant differences (P<.001). Only the comparison between D100 versus D120 was not significant. CONCLUSIONS: Data suggest that the resin cement film thickness influences the pullout strengths of fiber-reinforced posts. For the selected quartz fiber-reinforced post and resin luting cement, the highest bond strength values were not obtained when the thinnest cement layer was tested (D90) but when oversized post spaces were used (D100-D120). However, when the cement film thickness was too great (D140), the dislocation resistance of fiber-reinforced posts was significantly decreased.

The effect of resin cement film thickness on the pullout strength of a fiber-reinforced post system.

D'ARCANGELO, Camillo;DE ANGELIS, FRANCESCO;
2007-01-01

Abstract

STATEMENT OF PROBLEM: Debonding is a common cause of failure encountered with fiber posts and usually occurs along the post space-dentin adhesive interface. The ideal thickness of the resin cement needed to improve retentive bond strength is unknown. PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effect of 4 different post-space diameters and related resin cement film thicknesses on the bond strength between fiber posts and root dentin. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Eighty human maxillary central incisors with similar root lengths were selected, sectioned at the cemento-enamel junction, and the roots were treated endodontically. The roots were divided into 4 groups (n=20), and the post spaces were prepared to a depth of 8 mm using 1 of 4 different drills with a different diameter: Torpan drill ISO 90 for the control group (D90); and Torpan Drill ISO 100 (D100), Torpan Drill ISO 120 (D120), or Enapost Drill ISO 140 (D140) for the 3 test groups. Quartz fiber posts (Endo Lightpost), 0.9 mm in apical diameter, were luted (Panavia 21) in each specimen after dentin bonding procedures. The specimens were then subjected to a pullout test using a universal testing machine at a crosshead speed of 1.0 mm/min, and the maximum force required to dislodge each post was recorded (N). Data were analyzed using 1-way ANOVA and Tukey multiple comparisons tests (a=.05). RESULTS: The mean bond strength values (SD) in N for the experimental groups D100 (181.7 (55.3)) and D120 (210.7 (55.0)) were higher (P=.036 and <.001, respectively) than that obtained for the D90 control group (138.5 (49.2)). The lowest mean value was recorded for the D140 group (91.1 (36.0)). All experimental groups showed significantly different results, when compared to the control group. A multiple comparison between experimental groups showed significant differences (P<.001). Only the comparison between D100 versus D120 was not significant. CONCLUSIONS: Data suggest that the resin cement film thickness influences the pullout strengths of fiber-reinforced posts. For the selected quartz fiber-reinforced post and resin luting cement, the highest bond strength values were not obtained when the thinnest cement layer was tested (D90) but when oversized post spaces were used (D100-D120). However, when the cement film thickness was too great (D140), the dislocation resistance of fiber-reinforced posts was significantly decreased.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11564/112591
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