Abstract- Experiments were performed to investigate the effects of 60 min severe global ischemia followed by 30 min reperfusion on the antioxidant enzymatic system in the isolated perfused rat heart. Ischemia induced a significant increase of cytoplasmic and mitochondrial selenium-dependent glutathione peroxidase (EC 1.11.1.9) activity. In reperfused hearts, only the mitochondrial form showed a further significant increase. Glutathione reductase (EC 1.6.4.2) was increased in ischemic hearts, whilst the reperfused hearts showed a decrease towards the level found in aerobic hearts. Mitochondrial superoxide dismutase (EC 1.15.1.1) activity was depressed in ischemic as well as in reperfused hearts, though the cytoplasmic form was unmodified. Catalase (EC 1.11.1.6), glucose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase (EC 1.1.1.49) and glutathione transferase (EC 2.5.1.18) activities were unchanged throughout the experiment. Ischemia and reperfusion induced a significant fall in tissue-reduced glutathione content concomitant with an increase of its oxidized form. We have also studied the mitochondrial inner membrane proteins for both molecular weight, with Coomassie blue, and thiol status, with monobromobimane stain, using a sodium dodecyl sulfate polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis technique. Neither ischemia nor reperfusion effected any relevant modification of the molecular weight of the mitochondrial inner-membrane proteins either in the presence or absence of a reducing agent. However, two of these proteins with an apparent molecular weight of 52,0000 and 12,000 showed a decrease in the monobromobimane stain, probably due to the oxidation of their thiol groups.

Effect of ischemia and reperfusion on antioxidant enzymes and mitochondrial inner membrane proteins in perfused rat heart.

ARDUINI, Arduino;MEZZETTI, Andrea;PORRECA, Ettore;LAPENNA, Domenico;MARZIO, Leonardo;POLIDORO, Giovanni;CUCCURULLO, Franco
1988-01-01

Abstract

Abstract- Experiments were performed to investigate the effects of 60 min severe global ischemia followed by 30 min reperfusion on the antioxidant enzymatic system in the isolated perfused rat heart. Ischemia induced a significant increase of cytoplasmic and mitochondrial selenium-dependent glutathione peroxidase (EC 1.11.1.9) activity. In reperfused hearts, only the mitochondrial form showed a further significant increase. Glutathione reductase (EC 1.6.4.2) was increased in ischemic hearts, whilst the reperfused hearts showed a decrease towards the level found in aerobic hearts. Mitochondrial superoxide dismutase (EC 1.15.1.1) activity was depressed in ischemic as well as in reperfused hearts, though the cytoplasmic form was unmodified. Catalase (EC 1.11.1.6), glucose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase (EC 1.1.1.49) and glutathione transferase (EC 2.5.1.18) activities were unchanged throughout the experiment. Ischemia and reperfusion induced a significant fall in tissue-reduced glutathione content concomitant with an increase of its oxidized form. We have also studied the mitochondrial inner membrane proteins for both molecular weight, with Coomassie blue, and thiol status, with monobromobimane stain, using a sodium dodecyl sulfate polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis technique. Neither ischemia nor reperfusion effected any relevant modification of the molecular weight of the mitochondrial inner-membrane proteins either in the presence or absence of a reducing agent. However, two of these proteins with an apparent molecular weight of 52,0000 and 12,000 showed a decrease in the monobromobimane stain, probably due to the oxidation of their thiol groups.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11564/120180
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