Background. We explored the possibility of anastomosing the left internal mammary artery (LIMA) to the left anterior descending artery in a beating heart via a left anterior small thoracotomy. Methods. This procedure was performed in 155 of 162 scheduled patients; in 7 (4.3%) the left anterior descending artery was not suitable or was too small. The chest was opened in the fourth intercostal space (mean wound length, 10.5 cm) and the LIMA was harvested for about 4 cm. The left anterior descending artery was occluded by means of two 4/0 Prolene (Ethicon, Somerville, NJ) sutures, and the proximal suture was snared. The anastomosis was performed with two 8/0 Prolene sutures while the heart was beating. Early postoperatively all patients underwent repeat angiography or a Doppler flow assessment of the LIMA or both. Results. The LIMA was connected directly to the left anterior descending artery in 144 patients and with interposition of an inferior epigastric artery in 11. In 2 patients the diagonal branch was also grafted using an inferior epigastric artery from the LIMA. One patient (0.6%) died 38 days after the operation due to multiorgan failure. Nine patients (5.8%) had failure requiring a redo operation: 7 (4.5%) early and 2 (1.3%) late. One additional patient had a late percutaneous transluminal coronary angioplasty for anastomotic stenosis. At a mean 5.6 months of follow-up, 143 patients (92.2%) were alive, asymptomatic with or without medical treatment, and without cardiac events. Conclusions. Left internal mammary artery-to-left anterior descending artery anastomosis performed on a beating heart via a left anterior small thoracotomy is a safe procedure. In selected patients the operation has good early and midterm results.

Left anterior descending coronary artery grafting via left anterior small thoracotomy without cardiopulmonary bypass

CALAFIORE, Antonio Maria;DI GIAMMARCO, GABRIELE;
1996-01-01

Abstract

Background. We explored the possibility of anastomosing the left internal mammary artery (LIMA) to the left anterior descending artery in a beating heart via a left anterior small thoracotomy. Methods. This procedure was performed in 155 of 162 scheduled patients; in 7 (4.3%) the left anterior descending artery was not suitable or was too small. The chest was opened in the fourth intercostal space (mean wound length, 10.5 cm) and the LIMA was harvested for about 4 cm. The left anterior descending artery was occluded by means of two 4/0 Prolene (Ethicon, Somerville, NJ) sutures, and the proximal suture was snared. The anastomosis was performed with two 8/0 Prolene sutures while the heart was beating. Early postoperatively all patients underwent repeat angiography or a Doppler flow assessment of the LIMA or both. Results. The LIMA was connected directly to the left anterior descending artery in 144 patients and with interposition of an inferior epigastric artery in 11. In 2 patients the diagonal branch was also grafted using an inferior epigastric artery from the LIMA. One patient (0.6%) died 38 days after the operation due to multiorgan failure. Nine patients (5.8%) had failure requiring a redo operation: 7 (4.5%) early and 2 (1.3%) late. One additional patient had a late percutaneous transluminal coronary angioplasty for anastomotic stenosis. At a mean 5.6 months of follow-up, 143 patients (92.2%) were alive, asymptomatic with or without medical treatment, and without cardiac events. Conclusions. Left internal mammary artery-to-left anterior descending artery anastomosis performed on a beating heart via a left anterior small thoracotomy is a safe procedure. In selected patients the operation has good early and midterm results.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11564/121204
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