OBJECTIVES: To investigate the possible role of hyperglycemia-dependent monocyte chemoattractant protein (MCP)-1 biosynthesis in the pathophysiology of early nephropathy in type 1 diabetes. RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS: We studied 30 patients with type 1 diabetes (15 with and 15 without microalbuminuria) compared with matched healthy control subjects. Plasma MCP-1 and plasma oxidant status (vitamin E, fluorescent products of lipid peroxidation [FPLPs], malondialdehyde [MDA]), HbA(1c), and albumin excretion rate [AER]) were evaluated at baseline. Furthermore, MCP-1, vitamin E, AER, and HbA(1c) were also analyzed in the microalbuminuric diabetic patients and in the healthy volunteers after 8 weeks of high-dose (600 mg b.i.d.) vitamin E treatment. RESULTS: FPLPs, MDA, and MCP-1 were significantly higher, whereas vitamin E was significantly lower in patients with microalbuminuria and poorer glycemic control as compared with normoalbuminuric patients and healthy control subjects. Plasma MCP-1 was positively correlated with HbA(1c), FPLPs, MDA, and AER, whereas plasma MCP-1 showed an inverse correlation with vitamin E. Interestingly, both MCP-1 and AER decreased significantly after vitamin E treatment, despite no changes in HbA(1c) values. CONCLUSIONS: This study suggests that prolonged hyperglycemia may lead to early renal complications in type 1 diabetes by inducing MCP-1 biosynthesis via enhanced oxidative stress. Long-term treatment of high-dose vitamin E significantly decreased MCP-1, thus providing a rationale basis for evaluating vitamin E supplementation as therapy adjuvant to conventional insulin treatment in type 1 diabetic patients in whom an acceptable glycemic control is difficult to achieve despite appropriate insulin treatment.

Circulating monocyte chemoattractant protein-1 and early development of nephropathy in type 1 diabetes

CHIARELLI, Francesco;CIPOLLONE, Francesco;MOHN, Angelika Anna;IEZZI, ANNALISA;PIERDOMENICO, Sante Donato;DI GIOACCHINO, Mario;
2002-01-01

Abstract

OBJECTIVES: To investigate the possible role of hyperglycemia-dependent monocyte chemoattractant protein (MCP)-1 biosynthesis in the pathophysiology of early nephropathy in type 1 diabetes. RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS: We studied 30 patients with type 1 diabetes (15 with and 15 without microalbuminuria) compared with matched healthy control subjects. Plasma MCP-1 and plasma oxidant status (vitamin E, fluorescent products of lipid peroxidation [FPLPs], malondialdehyde [MDA]), HbA(1c), and albumin excretion rate [AER]) were evaluated at baseline. Furthermore, MCP-1, vitamin E, AER, and HbA(1c) were also analyzed in the microalbuminuric diabetic patients and in the healthy volunteers after 8 weeks of high-dose (600 mg b.i.d.) vitamin E treatment. RESULTS: FPLPs, MDA, and MCP-1 were significantly higher, whereas vitamin E was significantly lower in patients with microalbuminuria and poorer glycemic control as compared with normoalbuminuric patients and healthy control subjects. Plasma MCP-1 was positively correlated with HbA(1c), FPLPs, MDA, and AER, whereas plasma MCP-1 showed an inverse correlation with vitamin E. Interestingly, both MCP-1 and AER decreased significantly after vitamin E treatment, despite no changes in HbA(1c) values. CONCLUSIONS: This study suggests that prolonged hyperglycemia may lead to early renal complications in type 1 diabetes by inducing MCP-1 biosynthesis via enhanced oxidative stress. Long-term treatment of high-dose vitamin E significantly decreased MCP-1, thus providing a rationale basis for evaluating vitamin E supplementation as therapy adjuvant to conventional insulin treatment in type 1 diabetic patients in whom an acceptable glycemic control is difficult to achieve despite appropriate insulin treatment.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11564/132469
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