Objectives This study evaluated the impact of hyperhomocysteinemia (HHcy) on the CD40/CD40 ligand (CD40L) dyad in vivo and in vitro. Background Hyperhomocysteinemia is associated with an increased incidence of atherothrombosis, although the molecular mechanisms of this association are incompletely defined. The CD40L pair triggers inflammatory signals in cells of the vascular wall, representing a major pathogenetic pathway of atherosclerosis. Methods We used a commercially available enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay kit to evaluate circulating levels of soluble (s) CD40L in 24 patients with HHcy and 24 healthy subjects. We also used real-time polymerase chain reaction and flow cytometry to determine expression levels of CD40 and vascular cell adhesion molecule (VCAM)-1 in human umbilical vein endothelial cells (HUVECs) and of CD40L in human platelets. Results The sCD40L levels were significantly increased in HHcy patients (median [interquartile range] 8.0 [0.7 to 10.5] ng/ml vs. 2.1 [1.9 to 2.3] ng/ml, p = 0.0001). Positive correlations were noted between log sCD40L and log homocysteine (Hcy) (R = 0.68, p = 0.0001) or log sVCAM-1 (R = 0.41, p = 0.005). Homocysteine significantly stimulated CD40 mRNA expression in HUVECs (p = 0.033). Consistently, 24-h exposure to Hcy increased the percentage of CD40-expressing cells (p 0.00025). Homocysteine also significantly enhanced CD40L expression in platelets (p = 0.025) to a comparable extent as that of thrombin. Notably, Hcy increased VCAM-1 protein expression induced by CD40L in HUVECs (p = 0.0046). Conclusions The present results uncover a potential molecular target of Hcy, namely the CD40/CD40L dyad. Collectively, they indicate that upregulation of CD40/CD40L signaling may represent a link between HHcy and an increased risk of cardiovascular disease.

Homocysteine modulates the CD40/CD40L system

PRONTERA, Cesaria;RECCHIUTI, ANTONIO;DAVI', Giovanni;ROMANO, Mario
2007-01-01

Abstract

Objectives This study evaluated the impact of hyperhomocysteinemia (HHcy) on the CD40/CD40 ligand (CD40L) dyad in vivo and in vitro. Background Hyperhomocysteinemia is associated with an increased incidence of atherothrombosis, although the molecular mechanisms of this association are incompletely defined. The CD40L pair triggers inflammatory signals in cells of the vascular wall, representing a major pathogenetic pathway of atherosclerosis. Methods We used a commercially available enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay kit to evaluate circulating levels of soluble (s) CD40L in 24 patients with HHcy and 24 healthy subjects. We also used real-time polymerase chain reaction and flow cytometry to determine expression levels of CD40 and vascular cell adhesion molecule (VCAM)-1 in human umbilical vein endothelial cells (HUVECs) and of CD40L in human platelets. Results The sCD40L levels were significantly increased in HHcy patients (median [interquartile range] 8.0 [0.7 to 10.5] ng/ml vs. 2.1 [1.9 to 2.3] ng/ml, p = 0.0001). Positive correlations were noted between log sCD40L and log homocysteine (Hcy) (R = 0.68, p = 0.0001) or log sVCAM-1 (R = 0.41, p = 0.005). Homocysteine significantly stimulated CD40 mRNA expression in HUVECs (p = 0.033). Consistently, 24-h exposure to Hcy increased the percentage of CD40-expressing cells (p 0.00025). Homocysteine also significantly enhanced CD40L expression in platelets (p = 0.025) to a comparable extent as that of thrombin. Notably, Hcy increased VCAM-1 protein expression induced by CD40L in HUVECs (p = 0.0046). Conclusions The present results uncover a potential molecular target of Hcy, namely the CD40/CD40L dyad. Collectively, they indicate that upregulation of CD40/CD40L signaling may represent a link between HHcy and an increased risk of cardiovascular disease.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11564/134330
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