The aim of this paper was to deepen understanding about the role played by brain plasticity in obtaining clinical recovery. Eighteen patients, who had recovered partially or totally from dysfunctions due to a monohemispheric infarction within the middle cerebral artery territory, underwent magnetoencephalographic (MEG) recordings of rolandic areas cerebral activity both in rest state (spectral power properties) and in response to the electrical stimulation of the contralateral median nerve (M20 and M30 cortical sources). MEG evaluation was performed in acute (T0: mean 5 days from ischemic attach) and post-acute phase (T1: median 6 months). At T1, all the inter-hemispheric asymmetries were reduced for both spontaneous and evoked activity parameters with respect to T0. In post-acute phase, lower cortical excitability, higher delta and theta power and lower spectral entropy were associated to a worse clinical state. An unusual recruitment–as revealed by an excessive inter-hemispheric asymmetry of M20 cortical source position– correlated with higher level of clinical amelioration in the patients who showed a partial recovery. In addition to confirmative evidence that “normalization” of neural activity in both the affected and unaffected hemispheres subtends best clinical recovery, present data provide support to the positive role of cerebral plasticity phenomena– i.e. unusual neural recruitments – to regain lost functions in those patients unable to achieve total recovery.

Brain plasticity in recovery from stroke: an MEG assessment

ZAPPASODI, Filippo;PIZZELLA, Vittorio;
2006-01-01

Abstract

The aim of this paper was to deepen understanding about the role played by brain plasticity in obtaining clinical recovery. Eighteen patients, who had recovered partially or totally from dysfunctions due to a monohemispheric infarction within the middle cerebral artery territory, underwent magnetoencephalographic (MEG) recordings of rolandic areas cerebral activity both in rest state (spectral power properties) and in response to the electrical stimulation of the contralateral median nerve (M20 and M30 cortical sources). MEG evaluation was performed in acute (T0: mean 5 days from ischemic attach) and post-acute phase (T1: median 6 months). At T1, all the inter-hemispheric asymmetries were reduced for both spontaneous and evoked activity parameters with respect to T0. In post-acute phase, lower cortical excitability, higher delta and theta power and lower spectral entropy were associated to a worse clinical state. An unusual recruitment–as revealed by an excessive inter-hemispheric asymmetry of M20 cortical source position– correlated with higher level of clinical amelioration in the patients who showed a partial recovery. In addition to confirmative evidence that “normalization” of neural activity in both the affected and unaffected hemispheres subtends best clinical recovery, present data provide support to the positive role of cerebral plasticity phenomena– i.e. unusual neural recruitments – to regain lost functions in those patients unable to achieve total recovery.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11564/134341
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