PURPOSE: The aim of the study was to evaluate the fixation patterns of microstrabismic children previously treated for unilateral amblyopia. METHODS: Thirty-three children (mean age 7.3+/-1.5 years) were included in the study. Visual acuity (VA) was measured using the Early Treatment of Diabetic Retinopathy Study charts. Fixationwas assessed by MP-1 microperimeter. Differences in position and stability of fixation between the fellow and the microstrabismic eyes were calculated by using the percentage of the preferred fixation points within central fixation and the percentage of the fixation points within target fixation, respectively. For statistical analysis Mann-Whitney test was used. To evaluate the influence of age and duration of anti-amblyopic treatment on microstrabismic eyes fixation, linear regression analysis was performed. RESULTS: In the microstrabismic eyes VA was significantly reduced when compared to the fellow eyes (0.1236+/-0.0204 vs 0.0042+/-0.0032 logMAR; p<0.001). Position and stability of fixation were significantly better in the fellow eyes (93.21+/-0.65% vs 70.91+/-4.80%; p=0.002, and 89.88+/-0.94% vs 71.73+/-2.94%; p<0.001, respectively). A significant correlation was found between fixation stability and both the duration of anti-amblyopic treatment and pretreatment VA (p=0.024 and p=0.009, respectively) and between fixation centrality and pretreatment VA (p<0.001). CONCLUSIONS: VA, centrality, and stability of fixation were significantly impaired in the microstrabismic eyes. Pretreatment VA was a risk factor for fixation impairment. The severity of fixation stability impairment was linked to the duration of anti-amblyopic treatment.

Fixation patterns evaluation by means of MP-1 microperimeter in microstrabismic children treated for unilateral amblyopia

CARPINETO, Paolo;CIANCAGLINI, Marco;NUBILE, MARIO;TOTO, LISA;MASTROPASQUA, Leonardo
2007

Abstract

PURPOSE: The aim of the study was to evaluate the fixation patterns of microstrabismic children previously treated for unilateral amblyopia. METHODS: Thirty-three children (mean age 7.3+/-1.5 years) were included in the study. Visual acuity (VA) was measured using the Early Treatment of Diabetic Retinopathy Study charts. Fixationwas assessed by MP-1 microperimeter. Differences in position and stability of fixation between the fellow and the microstrabismic eyes were calculated by using the percentage of the preferred fixation points within central fixation and the percentage of the fixation points within target fixation, respectively. For statistical analysis Mann-Whitney test was used. To evaluate the influence of age and duration of anti-amblyopic treatment on microstrabismic eyes fixation, linear regression analysis was performed. RESULTS: In the microstrabismic eyes VA was significantly reduced when compared to the fellow eyes (0.1236+/-0.0204 vs 0.0042+/-0.0032 logMAR; p<0.001). Position and stability of fixation were significantly better in the fellow eyes (93.21+/-0.65% vs 70.91+/-4.80%; p=0.002, and 89.88+/-0.94% vs 71.73+/-2.94%; p<0.001, respectively). A significant correlation was found between fixation stability and both the duration of anti-amblyopic treatment and pretreatment VA (p=0.024 and p=0.009, respectively) and between fixation centrality and pretreatment VA (p<0.001). CONCLUSIONS: VA, centrality, and stability of fixation were significantly impaired in the microstrabismic eyes. Pretreatment VA was a risk factor for fixation impairment. The severity of fixation stability impairment was linked to the duration of anti-amblyopic treatment.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11564/134506
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