PURPOSE: Fracture of an implant is one of the possible complications of dental implants. It is a quite rare event but of high clinical relevance. Nevertheless, it represents an important opportunity for evaluating the peri-implant bone-tissue response to implant overloading in human beings. The aim of the present study was a scanning electron microscopy evaluation of a screw-shaped implant retrieved because of fracture and a birefringence analysis of the tissue near the fractured implant. MATERIALS AND METHODS: There was 1 fractured screw-shaped implant retrieved from a patient with a trephine bur, and it was processed for histology. The specimen was analyzed under both scanning electron microscopy and circularly polarized light microscopy. RESULTS: The scanning electron microscopy fractography analysis showed the typical signs of a fatigue-fracture, with large plastic deformations on the implant. The fracture seemed to start from the internal coil of the implant. Under circularly polarized light microscopy investigation, a bone-implant contact percentage of 81.6% +/- 1.5% (mean +/- standard deviation) was found. The amount of the transverse collagen fibers was of 68.3%, and the amount of the longitudinal collagen fibers was of 31.7%. The difference was statistically significant for z = 2.247 (P = 0.025). CONCLUSION: The fracture of the implant was most probably correlated to a fatigue of the material mainly associated to a lesion of the internal coil. The high level of bone-implant contact percentage was correlated to a predominant transverse collagen fiber orientation of the collagen fibers in the peri-implant bone.

Collagen fiber orientation near a fractured dental implant after a 5-year loading period: case report.

TRAINI, TONINO;CAPUTI, Sergio;IEZZI, GIOVANNA;PIATTELLI, Adriano
2006

Abstract

PURPOSE: Fracture of an implant is one of the possible complications of dental implants. It is a quite rare event but of high clinical relevance. Nevertheless, it represents an important opportunity for evaluating the peri-implant bone-tissue response to implant overloading in human beings. The aim of the present study was a scanning electron microscopy evaluation of a screw-shaped implant retrieved because of fracture and a birefringence analysis of the tissue near the fractured implant. MATERIALS AND METHODS: There was 1 fractured screw-shaped implant retrieved from a patient with a trephine bur, and it was processed for histology. The specimen was analyzed under both scanning electron microscopy and circularly polarized light microscopy. RESULTS: The scanning electron microscopy fractography analysis showed the typical signs of a fatigue-fracture, with large plastic deformations on the implant. The fracture seemed to start from the internal coil of the implant. Under circularly polarized light microscopy investigation, a bone-implant contact percentage of 81.6% +/- 1.5% (mean +/- standard deviation) was found. The amount of the transverse collagen fibers was of 68.3%, and the amount of the longitudinal collagen fibers was of 31.7%. The difference was statistically significant for z = 2.247 (P = 0.025). CONCLUSION: The fracture of the implant was most probably correlated to a fatigue of the material mainly associated to a lesion of the internal coil. The high level of bone-implant contact percentage was correlated to a predominant transverse collagen fiber orientation of the collagen fibers in the peri-implant bone.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11564/137387
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