To test if oxygen sensitive mechanisms are affected by hypoxia, we studied hypoxia inducible factor-1alpha (HIF-1alpha), vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) and inducible nitric oxide synthase (iNOS) expression by immunohistochemical analysis in young and old rat carotid bodies (CBs) using hypoxia as a model for modulating aging. Four groups of male age-matched Wistar rats (3 and 24 months) were used. Two groups were kept in room air, and two groups were kept under chronic intermittent hypoxia for 12 days. In aged carotid body and in hypoxia the increased expression of HIF-1alpha, VEGF, iNOS is less evident as compared to the young one. Electron microscopy sections showed a reduced mitochondrial number and area in the aged CBs and during hypoxia. Less responsiveness to hypoxia could be evidenced in the aged rats as compared to the young rats, suggesting an age dependency of the oxygen sensitive mechanisms.

Oxygen and life span: chronic hypoxia as a model for studying HIF-1alpha, VEGF and NOS during aging.

DI GIULIO, Camillo;BIANCHI, Giuseppina;CACCHIO, Marisa Adriana;ARTESE, Luciano;DI ILIO, Carmine
2005-01-01

Abstract

To test if oxygen sensitive mechanisms are affected by hypoxia, we studied hypoxia inducible factor-1alpha (HIF-1alpha), vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) and inducible nitric oxide synthase (iNOS) expression by immunohistochemical analysis in young and old rat carotid bodies (CBs) using hypoxia as a model for modulating aging. Four groups of male age-matched Wistar rats (3 and 24 months) were used. Two groups were kept in room air, and two groups were kept under chronic intermittent hypoxia for 12 days. In aged carotid body and in hypoxia the increased expression of HIF-1alpha, VEGF, iNOS is less evident as compared to the young one. Electron microscopy sections showed a reduced mitochondrial number and area in the aged CBs and during hypoxia. Less responsiveness to hypoxia could be evidenced in the aged rats as compared to the young rats, suggesting an age dependency of the oxygen sensitive mechanisms.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11564/137910
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