Background: Primary stability has a relevant role in the long-term success of dental implants. A quantitative method for the measurement of implant stability has been introduced (resonance frequency analysis [RFA]). Information about the significance of RFA measurements and about the relationship between RFA values and their association with implant osseointegration, success, or failure is important from a clinical point of view. Purpose: The aim of the present histological and histomorphometric study was to see if a correlation existed between the bone-implant contact (BIC) percentage of retrieved human implants and RFA values. Materials and Methods: Seven implants inserted in the posterior mandible, with a sandblasted and acid-etched surface and retrieved after a 6-month period, were evaluated in the present study. These seven implants had been retrieved for different causes. All these implants were submerged and were retrieved with a 5-mm trephine bur and immersed in 10% buffered formalin to be processed for histology. Results: A statistically significant correlation could be detected between implant stability quotient and BIC (p=.016). Conclusions: Even if the relationship between bone structure and RFA is still not fully understood, in our study, a statistically significant correlation was found between RFA and BIC values. Further studies are needed to evaluate a correlation of RFA and BIC in human implants retrieved after a range of healing periods.

Correlation Between Implant Stability Quotient and Bone-Implant Contact: A Retrospective Histological and Histomorphometrical Study of Seven Titanium Implants Retrieved from Humans.

SCARANO, Antonio;IEZZI, GIOVANNA;PETRONE, GIOVANNA;PIATTELLI, Adriano
2006-01-01

Abstract

Background: Primary stability has a relevant role in the long-term success of dental implants. A quantitative method for the measurement of implant stability has been introduced (resonance frequency analysis [RFA]). Information about the significance of RFA measurements and about the relationship between RFA values and their association with implant osseointegration, success, or failure is important from a clinical point of view. Purpose: The aim of the present histological and histomorphometric study was to see if a correlation existed between the bone-implant contact (BIC) percentage of retrieved human implants and RFA values. Materials and Methods: Seven implants inserted in the posterior mandible, with a sandblasted and acid-etched surface and retrieved after a 6-month period, were evaluated in the present study. These seven implants had been retrieved for different causes. All these implants were submerged and were retrieved with a 5-mm trephine bur and immersed in 10% buffered formalin to be processed for histology. Results: A statistically significant correlation could be detected between implant stability quotient and BIC (p=.016). Conclusions: Even if the relationship between bone structure and RFA is still not fully understood, in our study, a statistically significant correlation was found between RFA and BIC values. Further studies are needed to evaluate a correlation of RFA and BIC in human implants retrieved after a range of healing periods.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11564/137936
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