Abstract To assess whether TNF-alpha causes inflammatory demyelination or axonal degeneration, we injected into rat sciatic nerve saline, 100 U and 1000 U of rhTNF-alpha and studied the electrophysiological and pathological effects. At day 1 electrophysiology showed a slight reduction of proximal compound muscle action potential amplitude and pathology showed edema, inflammatory infiltration of vessel walls and endoneurium only in nerves injected with 1000 U of rhTNF-alpha. At day 5, there was no demyelination and a percentage of degenerated fibers similar in the three groups. To study the blood-nerve barrier, fluorescein isothiocyanate-labelled albumin was given intravenously after intraneural injection. The nerves injected with 1000 U rhTNF-alpha showed a leakage of the tracer in the endoneurium. TNF-alpha does not appear, at the doses used, to have myelinotoxic or axonopathic properties. The electrophysiological effect at day 1 may be due to mechanical compression of nerve fibers as a result of the blood-nerve barrier damage with consequent endoneurial edema.

Effect of rhTNF-alpha injection into rat sciatic nerve

UNCINI, Antonino;DI MUZIO, ANTONIO;DE ANGELIS, MARIA;DE LUCA, Giovanna;LUGARESI, Alessandra;GAMBI, Domenico
1999

Abstract

Abstract To assess whether TNF-alpha causes inflammatory demyelination or axonal degeneration, we injected into rat sciatic nerve saline, 100 U and 1000 U of rhTNF-alpha and studied the electrophysiological and pathological effects. At day 1 electrophysiology showed a slight reduction of proximal compound muscle action potential amplitude and pathology showed edema, inflammatory infiltration of vessel walls and endoneurium only in nerves injected with 1000 U of rhTNF-alpha. At day 5, there was no demyelination and a percentage of degenerated fibers similar in the three groups. To study the blood-nerve barrier, fluorescein isothiocyanate-labelled albumin was given intravenously after intraneural injection. The nerves injected with 1000 U rhTNF-alpha showed a leakage of the tracer in the endoneurium. TNF-alpha does not appear, at the doses used, to have myelinotoxic or axonopathic properties. The electrophysiological effect at day 1 may be due to mechanical compression of nerve fibers as a result of the blood-nerve barrier damage with consequent endoneurial edema.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11564/169673
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