The Erbb-2 (neu in rat and Her-2 in humans) tyrosine kinase receptor is an oncoantigen (i.e., a tumor-associated molecule directly involved in cancer progression). Because oncoantigens are self-tolerated molecules, to trigger a response circumventing tolerance, we generated two plasmids (RHuT and HuRT) coding for chimeric neu-Her-2 extracellular and transmembrane proteins that are expressed on the cell membrane of the transfected cells and recognized by monoclonal antibodies reacting against neu and Her-2. RHuT encodes a protein in which the 410 NH(2)-terminal residues are from the neu extracellular domain and the remaining residues from Her-2. Almost symmetrically, HuRT encodes for a protein in which the 390 NH(2)-terminal residues are from Her-2 and the remainder from neu. The ability of RHuT and HuRT to elicit a protective response to neu and Her-2 in wild-type mice and in transgenic mice tolerant to neu and Her-2 proteins was compared with that of plasmids coding for the fully rat or fully human extracellular and transmembrane domains of the Erbb-2 receptor. In most cases, RHuT and HuRT elicited a stronger response, although this chimeric benefit is markedly modulated by the location of the heterologous moiety in the protein coded by the plasmid, the immune tolerance of the responding mouse, and the kind of Erbb-2 orthologue on the targeted tumor.

A better immune reaction to Erbb-2 tumors is elicited in mice by DNA vaccines encoding rat/human chimeric proteins.

IEZZI, MANUELA;
2010

Abstract

The Erbb-2 (neu in rat and Her-2 in humans) tyrosine kinase receptor is an oncoantigen (i.e., a tumor-associated molecule directly involved in cancer progression). Because oncoantigens are self-tolerated molecules, to trigger a response circumventing tolerance, we generated two plasmids (RHuT and HuRT) coding for chimeric neu-Her-2 extracellular and transmembrane proteins that are expressed on the cell membrane of the transfected cells and recognized by monoclonal antibodies reacting against neu and Her-2. RHuT encodes a protein in which the 410 NH(2)-terminal residues are from the neu extracellular domain and the remaining residues from Her-2. Almost symmetrically, HuRT encodes for a protein in which the 390 NH(2)-terminal residues are from Her-2 and the remainder from neu. The ability of RHuT and HuRT to elicit a protective response to neu and Her-2 in wild-type mice and in transgenic mice tolerant to neu and Her-2 proteins was compared with that of plasmids coding for the fully rat or fully human extracellular and transmembrane domains of the Erbb-2 receptor. In most cases, RHuT and HuRT elicited a stronger response, although this chimeric benefit is markedly modulated by the location of the heterologous moiety in the protein coded by the plasmid, the immune tolerance of the responding mouse, and the kind of Erbb-2 orthologue on the targeted tumor.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11564/172092
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