In this paper we report the effect in HT-29 cells of mixed infections with poliovirus type 1 and Shigella flexneri serotype 5 strain M90T and derivative strains differing in adhesive as well as invasive properties. HT-29 epithelial intestinal cells derived from a human colon adenocarcinoma are a good model for coinfection studies because they are susceptible both to poliovirus replication and to S. flexneri invasion. The results show that 48 h after infection by poliovirus the invasiveness of wild-type S. flexneri M90T and of its adherent and invasive derivative M90T (pIL22) is increased. However, the alterations produced in HT-29 cells at the later stage of poliovirus infection are not sufficient to promote the internalization of simply non invasive, or non invasive but adherent, isogenic derivative bacterial strains.
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