This work analyses, in Spinoza’s ethics, the connection between the doctrine of knowledge and the theory of affections with its ethical consequences. Spinoza’s anthropology derives from the concept of univocal being, a unitary doctrine of man as individuum, in which knowledge and action belong to different orders but are closely connected: in fact every movement, more or less conscious, expresses a unitary vis underneath. in Spinoza’s view man is stretched between agere and pati, subjected to a transition in maljus sive pejus. As naturaliter desiring being, man, although he experiences the condition of patientia, can be free and agent, so he can bene vivere if he has an adequate understanding of himself and, since mind is the idea of body, of the reality; in fact an adequate knowledge makes perfect us and everything we desire as a good that fills us with joy. reason finds its place in the social and communitarian dimension, that is in alio, and this is the root and the end of its potentia itself.
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