Stimulation of the Ras/MAPK cascade can either activate p53 and promote replicative senescence and apoptosis, or degrade p53 and promote cell survival. Here we show that p53 can directly counteract the Ras/MAPK signaling by inactivating ERK2/MAPK. This inactivation is due to a caspase cleavage of the ERK2 protein and contributes to p53-mediated growth arrest. We found that in Ras-transformed cells, growth arrest induced by p53, but not p21Waf1, is associated with a strong reduction in ERK2 activity, phosphorylation, and protein half-life, and with the appearance of caspase activity. Likewise, DNA damage-induced cell cycle arrest correlates with p53-dependent ERK2 downregulation and caspase activation. Furthermore, caspase inhibitors or expression of a caspase-resistant ERK2 mutant interfere with ERK2 cleavage and restore proliferation in the presence of p53 activation, indicating that caspase-mediated ERK2 degradation contributes to p53-induced growth arrest. These findings strongly point to ERK2 as a novel p53 target in growth suppression.

p53 can inhibit cell proliferation through caspase-mediated cleavage of ERK2/MAPK.

D'ORAZI, Gabriella;
2004-01-01

Abstract

Stimulation of the Ras/MAPK cascade can either activate p53 and promote replicative senescence and apoptosis, or degrade p53 and promote cell survival. Here we show that p53 can directly counteract the Ras/MAPK signaling by inactivating ERK2/MAPK. This inactivation is due to a caspase cleavage of the ERK2 protein and contributes to p53-mediated growth arrest. We found that in Ras-transformed cells, growth arrest induced by p53, but not p21Waf1, is associated with a strong reduction in ERK2 activity, phosphorylation, and protein half-life, and with the appearance of caspase activity. Likewise, DNA damage-induced cell cycle arrest correlates with p53-dependent ERK2 downregulation and caspase activation. Furthermore, caspase inhibitors or expression of a caspase-resistant ERK2 mutant interfere with ERK2 cleavage and restore proliferation in the presence of p53 activation, indicating that caspase-mediated ERK2 degradation contributes to p53-induced growth arrest. These findings strongly point to ERK2 as a novel p53 target in growth suppression.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11564/233887
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