Background. The aim of this retrospective study was to evaluate the clinical outcome of treating or not treating moderate-or-more functional tricuspid regurgitation in patients with functional mitral regurgitation undergoing mitral valve surgery. Methods. From January 1988 to March 2003, 110 patients with functional mitral regurgitation undergoing mitral valve surgery showed moderate-or-more functional tricuspid regurgitation, which was treated (group T) in 51 and untreated in 59 (group UT) patients. Propensity score was used to adjust midterm results. The tricuspid valve was always repaired using the DeVega technique. The mitral valve was repaired in 84 and replaced in 26 patients; no residual moderate-or-more functional mitral regurgitation was assessed at hospital discharge. Results. Thirty-day mortality was 5.5% (8.5% for group UT versus 2% for group T; p 0.245). Adjusted 5-year survival was 45.0% 6.1% in group UT and 74.5% 5.1% in group T (p 0.004), whereas the possibility to be alive in New York Heart Association class I or II was 39.8% 6.0% in group UT versus 60.0% 6.5% in group T (p 0.044). Proportional Cox analysis, forcing propensity score into the model, demonstrated that untreated moderate- or-more tricuspid regurgitation was a risk factor for lower midterm survival (hazard ratio, 2.7; 95% confidence interval, 1.3 to 5.4) and survival in New York Heart Association class I or II (hazard ratio, 1.9; 95% confidence interval, 1.1 to 3.4). Follow-up functional tricuspid regurgitation progression rate (3/4) was 5% in group T versus 40% in group UT (p < 0.001). The progression of functional tricuspid regurgitation grade at follow-up was a risk factor for worse survival and the possibility to be alive in New York Heart Association class I or II. Conclusions. Tricuspid annuloplasty is an easy and safe procedure, mandatory in case of at least moderate functional tricuspid regurgitation to achieve better midterm outcome in patients with functional mitral regurgitation undergoing mitral valve surgery.

Mitral Valve Surgery for Functional Mitral Regurgitation: Should Moderate-or-More Tricuspid Regurgitation Be Treated? A Propensity Score Analysis

GALLINA, Sabina;
2009-01-01

Abstract

Background. The aim of this retrospective study was to evaluate the clinical outcome of treating or not treating moderate-or-more functional tricuspid regurgitation in patients with functional mitral regurgitation undergoing mitral valve surgery. Methods. From January 1988 to March 2003, 110 patients with functional mitral regurgitation undergoing mitral valve surgery showed moderate-or-more functional tricuspid regurgitation, which was treated (group T) in 51 and untreated in 59 (group UT) patients. Propensity score was used to adjust midterm results. The tricuspid valve was always repaired using the DeVega technique. The mitral valve was repaired in 84 and replaced in 26 patients; no residual moderate-or-more functional mitral regurgitation was assessed at hospital discharge. Results. Thirty-day mortality was 5.5% (8.5% for group UT versus 2% for group T; p 0.245). Adjusted 5-year survival was 45.0% 6.1% in group UT and 74.5% 5.1% in group T (p 0.004), whereas the possibility to be alive in New York Heart Association class I or II was 39.8% 6.0% in group UT versus 60.0% 6.5% in group T (p 0.044). Proportional Cox analysis, forcing propensity score into the model, demonstrated that untreated moderate- or-more tricuspid regurgitation was a risk factor for lower midterm survival (hazard ratio, 2.7; 95% confidence interval, 1.3 to 5.4) and survival in New York Heart Association class I or II (hazard ratio, 1.9; 95% confidence interval, 1.1 to 3.4). Follow-up functional tricuspid regurgitation progression rate (3/4) was 5% in group T versus 40% in group UT (p < 0.001). The progression of functional tricuspid regurgitation grade at follow-up was a risk factor for worse survival and the possibility to be alive in New York Heart Association class I or II. Conclusions. Tricuspid annuloplasty is an easy and safe procedure, mandatory in case of at least moderate functional tricuspid regurgitation to achieve better midterm outcome in patients with functional mitral regurgitation undergoing mitral valve surgery.
File in questo prodotto:
Non ci sono file associati a questo prodotto.

I documenti in IRIS sono protetti da copyright e tutti i diritti sono riservati, salvo diversa indicazione.

Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11564/247427
 Attenzione

Attenzione! I dati visualizzati non sono stati sottoposti a validazione da parte dell'ateneo

Citazioni
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.pmc??? ND
  • Scopus 131
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.isi??? 115
social impact