The relationships between thrusts and normal faults represent primary constraints in the reconstruction of the modes and timing of pre-, syn- and post-orogenic deformation events in fold-and-thrust belts. Such relationships are well exposed in curved orogenic belts where the thrusts are oblique to the trend of normal faults.We study the NNE-SSW-trending Olevano-Antrodoco-Sibillini oblique thrust and its crosscutting relationships with NW-SE-trending normal faults in order to constrain the Neogene-Quaternary deformation history of the Central-Northern Apennine (Italy). The analysis of structural and geological data allowed us to reconstruct the geometric and kinematic constraints of two inversion events: 1 - During the Pliocene, positive inversion reactivated the NNE-SSW-trending pre-existing Ancona-Anzio normal fault as the Olevano-Antrodoco-Sibillini oblique thrust ramp and caused the shortcut of NW-SE-oriented normal faults; 2 - During the Quaternary, negative inversion reactivated NW-SE-trending pre-thrusting normal faults.The growth of the NW-SE Quaternary normal faults causes seismicity and is responsible of the development of wide Quaternary intramontane basins. Their distribution and the related seismicity have been controlled and compartmentalized by NNE-SSW-trending oblique thrusts. Thus, the crosscutting relationships between thrusts and normal faults are crucial in seismic hazard assessment.

Relationships between thrusts and normal faults in curved belts: New insight in the inversion tectonics of the Central-Northern Apennines (Italy)

Di Domenica Alessandra
;
Turtù Antonio;Satolli Sara;Calamita Fernando
2012-01-01

Abstract

The relationships between thrusts and normal faults represent primary constraints in the reconstruction of the modes and timing of pre-, syn- and post-orogenic deformation events in fold-and-thrust belts. Such relationships are well exposed in curved orogenic belts where the thrusts are oblique to the trend of normal faults.We study the NNE-SSW-trending Olevano-Antrodoco-Sibillini oblique thrust and its crosscutting relationships with NW-SE-trending normal faults in order to constrain the Neogene-Quaternary deformation history of the Central-Northern Apennine (Italy). The analysis of structural and geological data allowed us to reconstruct the geometric and kinematic constraints of two inversion events: 1 - During the Pliocene, positive inversion reactivated the NNE-SSW-trending pre-existing Ancona-Anzio normal fault as the Olevano-Antrodoco-Sibillini oblique thrust ramp and caused the shortcut of NW-SE-oriented normal faults; 2 - During the Quaternary, negative inversion reactivated NW-SE-trending pre-thrusting normal faults.The growth of the NW-SE Quaternary normal faults causes seismicity and is responsible of the development of wide Quaternary intramontane basins. Their distribution and the related seismicity have been controlled and compartmentalized by NNE-SSW-trending oblique thrusts. Thus, the crosscutting relationships between thrusts and normal faults are crucial in seismic hazard assessment.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11564/266357
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