The protein kinase C (PKC) family of enzymes is a regulator of transmembrane signal transduction. There is evidence demonstrating altered activity of some PKC isoforms (PKC-alpha, PKC-delta and PKC-zeta) in the neurons of brains of Alzheimers Disease (AD) sufferers, but little is known about their involvement in the intracellular machinery of amyloid beta protein-reactive T lymphocytes in AD. By applying a modified, split-well culture system, for Abeta(1-42) reactivity, we carried out flow cytometry analysis and biochemical investigations on the possible involvement of PKC-alpha, PKC-delta and PKC-zeta in the signalling system activated in Abeta-reactive T cells purified from peripheral blood mononucleate cells (PBMC) from healthy subjects and patients with AD. Flow cytometry analysis of Abeta(1-42) activated T lymphocytes in the majority of AD patients highlighted a distinct cellular cluster highly expressing phospho-PKC-delta (P-PKC-delta), while most full-blown AD patients highly expressed two distinct P-PKC-delta and phospho-PKC-zeta (P-PKC-zeta) bright sub-populations. The same investigation performed in freshly purified peripheral T lymphocytes, did not highlight any subpopulation, suggesting that the detection of P-PKC-delta and P-PKC-zeta bright subpopulations is specifically linked to Abeta(1-42) activated T lymphocytes. The data presented here, therefore, suggest possible novel hallmarks to discriminate between healthy elderly subjects and beginning or full-blown Alzheimers Disease patients.

Expression and phosphorylation of protein kinase C isoforms in Abeta(1-42) activated T lymphocytes from Alzheimers disease

CICCOCIOPPO, FAUSTA;LANUTI, PAOLA;MARCHISIO, Marco;GAMBI, Francesco;SANTAVENERE, Eugenio;PIERDOMENICO, Laura;MISCIA, Sebastiano
2008-01-01

Abstract

The protein kinase C (PKC) family of enzymes is a regulator of transmembrane signal transduction. There is evidence demonstrating altered activity of some PKC isoforms (PKC-alpha, PKC-delta and PKC-zeta) in the neurons of brains of Alzheimers Disease (AD) sufferers, but little is known about their involvement in the intracellular machinery of amyloid beta protein-reactive T lymphocytes in AD. By applying a modified, split-well culture system, for Abeta(1-42) reactivity, we carried out flow cytometry analysis and biochemical investigations on the possible involvement of PKC-alpha, PKC-delta and PKC-zeta in the signalling system activated in Abeta-reactive T cells purified from peripheral blood mononucleate cells (PBMC) from healthy subjects and patients with AD. Flow cytometry analysis of Abeta(1-42) activated T lymphocytes in the majority of AD patients highlighted a distinct cellular cluster highly expressing phospho-PKC-delta (P-PKC-delta), while most full-blown AD patients highly expressed two distinct P-PKC-delta and phospho-PKC-zeta (P-PKC-zeta) bright sub-populations. The same investigation performed in freshly purified peripheral T lymphocytes, did not highlight any subpopulation, suggesting that the detection of P-PKC-delta and P-PKC-zeta bright subpopulations is specifically linked to Abeta(1-42) activated T lymphocytes. The data presented here, therefore, suggest possible novel hallmarks to discriminate between healthy elderly subjects and beginning or full-blown Alzheimers Disease patients.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11564/270597
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