Nitric oxide synthases (NOS) are important enzymes present in different cells such as endothelial cells,;macrophages, etc. Recently, it has been found that nitric oxide (NO) is responsible for vasodilation, blood pressure regulation, platelet aggregation, cardiac contractility, and the mediation of immunity during bacterial infections and inflammation. However, the production and role of NO in various structures of the oral cavity have not been investigated extensively. The aim of this study was to evaluate the presence of e-NOS in healthy human odontoblasts and endothelial cells of the dental pub. Twenty healthy human dental pulps were collected and frozen and pulp slices were obtained using a cryostat. The e-NOS enzyme was revealed by immunohistochemical analysis and the enzyme level was detected by Western blotting and mRNA expression by RT-PCR. The immunohistochemical results demonstrated, for the first time, the presence of e-NOS in odontoblasts and in endothelial cells. The presence of e-NOS m-RNA was confirmed by RT-PCR and the expression of the protein by Western blotting. These results clearly show that the e-NOS enzyme is present in both odontoblasts and endothelial cells of healthy human pulp. The presence of e-NOS in the odontoblast and endothelial cells of the dental pulp may mediate local vasodilation and cell proliferation.

Localization of the e-NOS enzyme in endothelial cells and odontoblasts of healthy human dental pulp

DE FAZIO, Pietro;D'ARCANGELO, Camillo;DE LUTIIS, Maria Anna;VARVARA, GIUSEPPE;GRILLI, Alfredo;REALE, Marcella;
2000-01-01

Abstract

Nitric oxide synthases (NOS) are important enzymes present in different cells such as endothelial cells,;macrophages, etc. Recently, it has been found that nitric oxide (NO) is responsible for vasodilation, blood pressure regulation, platelet aggregation, cardiac contractility, and the mediation of immunity during bacterial infections and inflammation. However, the production and role of NO in various structures of the oral cavity have not been investigated extensively. The aim of this study was to evaluate the presence of e-NOS in healthy human odontoblasts and endothelial cells of the dental pub. Twenty healthy human dental pulps were collected and frozen and pulp slices were obtained using a cryostat. The e-NOS enzyme was revealed by immunohistochemical analysis and the enzyme level was detected by Western blotting and mRNA expression by RT-PCR. The immunohistochemical results demonstrated, for the first time, the presence of e-NOS in odontoblasts and in endothelial cells. The presence of e-NOS m-RNA was confirmed by RT-PCR and the expression of the protein by Western blotting. These results clearly show that the e-NOS enzyme is present in both odontoblasts and endothelial cells of healthy human pulp. The presence of e-NOS in the odontoblast and endothelial cells of the dental pulp may mediate local vasodilation and cell proliferation.
File in questo prodotto:
File Dimensione Formato  
Localization of the e-NOS enzyme in endothelial cells and odontoblasts of healthy human dental.pdf

Solo gestori archivio

Tipologia: PDF editoriale
Dimensione 470.49 kB
Formato Adobe PDF
470.49 kB Adobe PDF   Visualizza/Apri   Richiedi una copia

I documenti in IRIS sono protetti da copyright e tutti i diritti sono riservati, salvo diversa indicazione.

Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11564/346483
Citazioni
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.pmc??? 7
  • Scopus 38
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.isi??? 37
social impact