The prevalence of tendinopathies is increased in subjects with diabetes mellitus. However, there are few data on the structural abnormalities of Achilles tendons in asymptomatic diabetic patients. The aim of the study was to assess the morphologic characteristics of the Achilles tendon in subjects with diabetes in comparison with controls without diabetes.Participants were consecutively recruited from an outpatient population. Ultrasound longitudinal and transverse scans were performed bilaterally along the full length of Achilles tendon from the musculotendinous junction to the insertion. Degenerative features (abnormal fibrillar pattern, hypo-hyperechoic areas), signs of enthesopathy (bony erosion, enthesophytes, and bursitis), and intratendinous neovessel formation were recorded.Asymptomatic sonographic abnormalities (ASA) were significantly increased in subjects with diabetes (35/136 [25.7\%] vs 32/273 [11.7\%], P = .0003). Sixty tendons with ASA were observed in the first group and 45 in the latter because ASA were bilateral in 25 and in 13 subjects, respectively. ASA were more frequently localized at the enthesis (32/60 [53.3\%] vs 9/45 [20\%], P = .0005) in the diabetes group, whereas, on the contrary, they were more prevalent at the midportion in controls (38/45 [84.4\%] vs 36/60 [60\%], P < .006).Diabetes may predispose to Achilles tendinopathy and particularly to Achilles enthesopathy. Longitudinal studies, evaluating the progression of the lesions not only in the midportion of the tendon but also at the insertion are needed to support this conclusion.Level III, comparative series.

Ultrasound morphology of the achilles in asymptomatic patients with and without diabetes.

ABATE, MICHELE;SALINI, VINCENZO;SCHIAVONE, Cosima
2014-01-01

Abstract

The prevalence of tendinopathies is increased in subjects with diabetes mellitus. However, there are few data on the structural abnormalities of Achilles tendons in asymptomatic diabetic patients. The aim of the study was to assess the morphologic characteristics of the Achilles tendon in subjects with diabetes in comparison with controls without diabetes.Participants were consecutively recruited from an outpatient population. Ultrasound longitudinal and transverse scans were performed bilaterally along the full length of Achilles tendon from the musculotendinous junction to the insertion. Degenerative features (abnormal fibrillar pattern, hypo-hyperechoic areas), signs of enthesopathy (bony erosion, enthesophytes, and bursitis), and intratendinous neovessel formation were recorded.Asymptomatic sonographic abnormalities (ASA) were significantly increased in subjects with diabetes (35/136 [25.7\%] vs 32/273 [11.7\%], P = .0003). Sixty tendons with ASA were observed in the first group and 45 in the latter because ASA were bilateral in 25 and in 13 subjects, respectively. ASA were more frequently localized at the enthesis (32/60 [53.3\%] vs 9/45 [20\%], P = .0005) in the diabetes group, whereas, on the contrary, they were more prevalent at the midportion in controls (38/45 [84.4\%] vs 36/60 [60\%], P < .006).Diabetes may predispose to Achilles tendinopathy and particularly to Achilles enthesopathy. Longitudinal studies, evaluating the progression of the lesions not only in the midportion of the tendon but also at the insertion are needed to support this conclusion.Level III, comparative series.
File in questo prodotto:
Non ci sono file associati a questo prodotto.

I documenti in IRIS sono protetti da copyright e tutti i diritti sono riservati, salvo diversa indicazione.

Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11564/494288
 Attenzione

Attenzione! I dati visualizzati non sono stati sottoposti a validazione da parte dell'ateneo

Citazioni
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.pmc??? 9
  • Scopus 33
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.isi??? 30
social impact