Accumulating evidence indicates that serum and tissue levels of lectin, galactoside-binding soluble 3 binding protein (LGALS3BP), a secreted glycoprotein, are elevated in human cancers. Recently, we have identified LGALS3BP as a factor capable of stimulating angiogenesis of microvascular endothelial cells in vitro as well as in vivo. However, the potential therapeutic implications of LGALS3BP function blockade have not been explored yet. Here, we tested the ability of an anti-LGALS3BP mouse monoclonal antibody, SP-2, to antagonize LGALS3BP-induced angiogenesis and tumor growth. The antibody was found to inhibit endothelial cell tubulogenesis induced by either conditioned medium of breast cancer and melanoma cells or human recombinant LGALS3BP. In addition, SP-2 inhibited phosphorylation of FAK and its recruitment to membrane sites as well as AKT and ERK phosphorylation promoted by LGALS3BP. When used in vivo, the antibody restrained LGALS3BP-stimulated angiogenesis and growth of tumor xenografts. Furthermore, the combination of SP-2 and low-dose bevacizumab was more effective than either agent alone. Taken together, these results lead to consideration of SP-2 as a promising candidate for LGALS3BP-targeted therapy.

Inhibition of tumor growth and angiogenesis by SP-2, an anti-lectin, galactoside-binding soluble 3 binding protein (LGALS3BP) antibody.

TINARI, Nicola;ROSSI, COSMO;LATTANZIO, ROSSANO;D'EGIDIO, Maurizia;GRASSADONIA, Antonino;PIANTELLI, Mauro;NATOLI, Clara;IACOBELLI, Stefano
2014

Abstract

Accumulating evidence indicates that serum and tissue levels of lectin, galactoside-binding soluble 3 binding protein (LGALS3BP), a secreted glycoprotein, are elevated in human cancers. Recently, we have identified LGALS3BP as a factor capable of stimulating angiogenesis of microvascular endothelial cells in vitro as well as in vivo. However, the potential therapeutic implications of LGALS3BP function blockade have not been explored yet. Here, we tested the ability of an anti-LGALS3BP mouse monoclonal antibody, SP-2, to antagonize LGALS3BP-induced angiogenesis and tumor growth. The antibody was found to inhibit endothelial cell tubulogenesis induced by either conditioned medium of breast cancer and melanoma cells or human recombinant LGALS3BP. In addition, SP-2 inhibited phosphorylation of FAK and its recruitment to membrane sites as well as AKT and ERK phosphorylation promoted by LGALS3BP. When used in vivo, the antibody restrained LGALS3BP-stimulated angiogenesis and growth of tumor xenografts. Furthermore, the combination of SP-2 and low-dose bevacizumab was more effective than either agent alone. Taken together, these results lead to consideration of SP-2 as a promising candidate for LGALS3BP-targeted therapy.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11564/547903
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