Abstract BACKGROUND: Early signs of renal complications can be common in youths with type 1 diabetes (T1D). Recently, there has been an increasing interest in potential renal complications associated with obesity, paralleling the epidemics of this condition, although there are limited data in children. HYPOTHESIS: Obese children and adolescents present signs of early alterations in renal function similar to non-obese peers with T1D. SUBJECTS: Eighty-three obese (age: 11.6 ± 3.0 yr), 164 non-obese T1D (age: 12.4 ± 3.2 yr), and 71 non-obese control (age: 12.3 ± 3.2 yr) children and adolescents were enrolled in the study. METHODS: Anthropometric parameters and blood pressure were measured. Renal function was assessed by albumin excretion rate (AER), serum cystatin C, creatinine and estimated glomerular filtration rate (e-GFR), calculated using the Bouvet's formula. RESULTS: Obese and non-obese T1D youths had similar AER [8.9(5.9-10.8) vs. 8.7(5.9-13.1) µg/min] and e-GFR levels (114.8 ± 19.6 vs. 113.4 ± 19.1 mL/min), which were higher than in controls [AER: 8.1(5.9-8.7) µg/min, e-GFR: 104.7 ± 18.9 mL/min]. Prevalence of microalbuminuria and hyperfiltration was similar between obese and T1D youths and higher than their control peers (6.0 vs. 8.0 vs. 0%, p = 0.02; 15.9 vs. 15.9 vs. 4.3%, p = 0.03, respectively). Body mass index (BMI) z-score was independently related to e-GFR (r = 0.328; p < 0.001), and AER (r = 0.138; p = 0.017). Hemoglobin A1c (HbA1c) correlated with AER (r = 0.148; p = 0.007) but not with eGFR (r = 0.041; p = 0.310). CONCLUSIONS: Obese children and adolescents show early alterations in renal function, compared to normal weight peers, and they have similar renal profiles than age-matched peers with T1D.

The effect of obesity and type 1 diabetes on renal function in children and adolescents

FRANCHINI, SIMONE;SAVINO, ALESSANDRA;MARCOVECCHIO, Maria Loredana;CHIARELLI, Francesco;MOHN, Angelika Anna
2015

Abstract

Abstract BACKGROUND: Early signs of renal complications can be common in youths with type 1 diabetes (T1D). Recently, there has been an increasing interest in potential renal complications associated with obesity, paralleling the epidemics of this condition, although there are limited data in children. HYPOTHESIS: Obese children and adolescents present signs of early alterations in renal function similar to non-obese peers with T1D. SUBJECTS: Eighty-three obese (age: 11.6 ± 3.0 yr), 164 non-obese T1D (age: 12.4 ± 3.2 yr), and 71 non-obese control (age: 12.3 ± 3.2 yr) children and adolescents were enrolled in the study. METHODS: Anthropometric parameters and blood pressure were measured. Renal function was assessed by albumin excretion rate (AER), serum cystatin C, creatinine and estimated glomerular filtration rate (e-GFR), calculated using the Bouvet's formula. RESULTS: Obese and non-obese T1D youths had similar AER [8.9(5.9-10.8) vs. 8.7(5.9-13.1) µg/min] and e-GFR levels (114.8 ± 19.6 vs. 113.4 ± 19.1 mL/min), which were higher than in controls [AER: 8.1(5.9-8.7) µg/min, e-GFR: 104.7 ± 18.9 mL/min]. Prevalence of microalbuminuria and hyperfiltration was similar between obese and T1D youths and higher than their control peers (6.0 vs. 8.0 vs. 0%, p = 0.02; 15.9 vs. 15.9 vs. 4.3%, p = 0.03, respectively). Body mass index (BMI) z-score was independently related to e-GFR (r = 0.328; p < 0.001), and AER (r = 0.138; p = 0.017). Hemoglobin A1c (HbA1c) correlated with AER (r = 0.148; p = 0.007) but not with eGFR (r = 0.041; p = 0.310). CONCLUSIONS: Obese children and adolescents show early alterations in renal function, compared to normal weight peers, and they have similar renal profiles than age-matched peers with T1D.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11564/605179
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