Subclinical cardiac abnormalities represent predisposing factors for cardiovascular disease (CVD) in obese subjects. The aim of this study was to evaluate early cardiac abnormalities in obese youth and the potential association with insulin resistance (IR). Thirty obese (12 males (M)/18 females (F); age = 11.5 ± 2.4 years; body mass index (BMI)-standard deviation score (SDS) = +2.1 ± 0.5) and 15 normal weight (10 M/5 F; age = 12.8 ± 3.1 years; BMI-SDS = +0.3 ± 0.9) children and adolescents underwent Doppler two-dimensional echocardiographic assessments of left atrial (LA) and ventricular (LV) geometry and LV diastolic function (peak early [E] and late waves, E wave deceleration time, myocardial flow velocities). Homeostasis model assessment of IR (HOMA-IR) was used as an IR index. LA size was increased in obese children, as indicated by higher LA diameter (4.9 ± 0.5 vs 4.1 ± 0.4 cm, p < 0.001), area (14.3 ± 2.5 vs 10.7 ± 2.0 cm(2), p < 0.001), and volume (33.8 ± 10.6 vs 23.7 ± 6.4 ml, p = 0.003). LV mass was also increased in obese children (87.0 ± 16.6 vs 68.8 ± 13.2 g, p = 0.003), who also showed subtle diastolic dysfunctions, as indicated by higher values of E (97.1 ± 14.3 vs 86.2 ± 11.9 cm/s, p = 0.02). All the above parameters were significantly associated with BMI-SDS (p < 0.05). In addition, HOMA-IR was independently associated with LA diameter, area, and volume (β = 0.314, p = 0.040; β = 0.415, p = 0.008; β = 0.535, p = 0.001). Obese children feature increased LA size, which emerged to be mainly correlated to, and possibly driven by IR, suggesting an increased CVD risk.

Increased left atrial size in obese children and its association with insulin resistance: a pilot study

Marcovecchio, M. L.;GRAVINA, MARIANGELA;Gallina, S.;de Caterina, R.;Chiarelli, F.;Mohn, A.;Renda, G.
2016

Abstract

Subclinical cardiac abnormalities represent predisposing factors for cardiovascular disease (CVD) in obese subjects. The aim of this study was to evaluate early cardiac abnormalities in obese youth and the potential association with insulin resistance (IR). Thirty obese (12 males (M)/18 females (F); age = 11.5 ± 2.4 years; body mass index (BMI)-standard deviation score (SDS) = +2.1 ± 0.5) and 15 normal weight (10 M/5 F; age = 12.8 ± 3.1 years; BMI-SDS = +0.3 ± 0.9) children and adolescents underwent Doppler two-dimensional echocardiographic assessments of left atrial (LA) and ventricular (LV) geometry and LV diastolic function (peak early [E] and late waves, E wave deceleration time, myocardial flow velocities). Homeostasis model assessment of IR (HOMA-IR) was used as an IR index. LA size was increased in obese children, as indicated by higher LA diameter (4.9 ± 0.5 vs 4.1 ± 0.4 cm, p < 0.001), area (14.3 ± 2.5 vs 10.7 ± 2.0 cm(2), p < 0.001), and volume (33.8 ± 10.6 vs 23.7 ± 6.4 ml, p = 0.003). LV mass was also increased in obese children (87.0 ± 16.6 vs 68.8 ± 13.2 g, p = 0.003), who also showed subtle diastolic dysfunctions, as indicated by higher values of E (97.1 ± 14.3 vs 86.2 ± 11.9 cm/s, p = 0.02). All the above parameters were significantly associated with BMI-SDS (p < 0.05). In addition, HOMA-IR was independently associated with LA diameter, area, and volume (β = 0.314, p = 0.040; β = 0.415, p = 0.008; β = 0.535, p = 0.001). Obese children feature increased LA size, which emerged to be mainly correlated to, and possibly driven by IR, suggesting an increased CVD risk.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11564/640730
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