Background and aims: Diabetes mellitus is associated with inflammatory endothelial activation and increased vascular leukocyte adhesion molecule expression, both playing a prominent role in the development of vascular complications. Centella asiatica (CA) and Lipoic Acid (LA) have shown anti-inflammatory and anti-oxidant properties in a variety of experimental models; however, their action on human umbilical vein endothelial cells (HUVECs), chronically exposed to hyperglycemia and pro-inflammatory environment during pregnancy, is still unknown. Methods and results: In HUVECs from umbilical cords of gestational diabetic (GD) or healthy (C) women, both CA and LA affected tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α)-induced inflammation, being associated with a significant decrease in vascular cell adhesion molecule-1 (VCAM-1) and intercellular adhesion molecule-1 (ICAM-1) expression (western blot) and exposure (flow cytometry), as well as monocyte-HUVECs interaction (adhesion assay). Notably, this was associated with a significant reduction of an index of nitro-oxidative stress, such as the intracellular peroxynitrite levels (fluorescence detection by cytometric analysis), Mitogen-Activated Protein kinase (p44/42 MAPK) expression/phosphorylation levels and Nuclear Factor kappa-light-chain-enhancer of activated B cells (NF-κB p65) cytoplasm-nucleus translocation (flow cytometry). Overall our results indicate that both CA and LA used separately, and even better when combined, are effective to reduce the inflammatory response in TNF-α-treated HUVECs. Notably, this was more significant in GD than in C-HUVECs and also evident at baseline. Conclusion: In conclusion, our in vitro study demonstrates that both CA and LA, or a combination thereof, are able to mitigate the potentially dangerous effects on the endothelium of chronic exposure to hyperglycemia in vivo.

Centella Asiatica and Lipoic Acid, or a combination thereof, inhibit monocyte adhesion to endothelial cells from umbilical cords of gestational diabetic women

DI TOMO, PAMELA;DI SILVESTRE, SARA;PIPINO, CATERINA;LANUTI, PAOLA;FORMOSO, Gloria;CHIARELLI, Francesco;PANDOLFI, Assunta;DI PIETRO, NATALIA
2015-01-01

Abstract

Background and aims: Diabetes mellitus is associated with inflammatory endothelial activation and increased vascular leukocyte adhesion molecule expression, both playing a prominent role in the development of vascular complications. Centella asiatica (CA) and Lipoic Acid (LA) have shown anti-inflammatory and anti-oxidant properties in a variety of experimental models; however, their action on human umbilical vein endothelial cells (HUVECs), chronically exposed to hyperglycemia and pro-inflammatory environment during pregnancy, is still unknown. Methods and results: In HUVECs from umbilical cords of gestational diabetic (GD) or healthy (C) women, both CA and LA affected tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α)-induced inflammation, being associated with a significant decrease in vascular cell adhesion molecule-1 (VCAM-1) and intercellular adhesion molecule-1 (ICAM-1) expression (western blot) and exposure (flow cytometry), as well as monocyte-HUVECs interaction (adhesion assay). Notably, this was associated with a significant reduction of an index of nitro-oxidative stress, such as the intracellular peroxynitrite levels (fluorescence detection by cytometric analysis), Mitogen-Activated Protein kinase (p44/42 MAPK) expression/phosphorylation levels and Nuclear Factor kappa-light-chain-enhancer of activated B cells (NF-κB p65) cytoplasm-nucleus translocation (flow cytometry). Overall our results indicate that both CA and LA used separately, and even better when combined, are effective to reduce the inflammatory response in TNF-α-treated HUVECs. Notably, this was more significant in GD than in C-HUVECs and also evident at baseline. Conclusion: In conclusion, our in vitro study demonstrates that both CA and LA, or a combination thereof, are able to mitigate the potentially dangerous effects on the endothelium of chronic exposure to hyperglycemia in vivo.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11564/644590
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