Background: Serotonin (5-HT) and its receptors are present in central, the brain stem, and peripheral, the carotid body, tissues controlling the ventilatory responses to hypoxia. The exact action of serotonin and its nature are, however, unsettled. We hypothesized that the discrepant results on the ventilatory action of serotonin could be caused by the inability of serotonin to penetrate into the brain or the plasma membrane lipid bilayers, the target site of signal transduction cascades, after its exogenous administration. Objective: To study the penetrability of novel lipid derivatives of serotonin of varying fatty acid chain length and number of saturated/unsaturated bonds, the oleic, caprylic, and caprolic amides of 5-HT, into the brain, and their functional effects on the hypoxic ventilatory response in awake rats after systemic administration. Material and methods: Adult Wistar rats were used for the experiments. In the biochemical part of the study, the presence and stability of the compounds tested, after i.p. injection, was assessed in brain extracts using spectrophotometry and thin-layered chromatography. In the functional part, the ventilatory responses to 8 and 12% hypoxia were compared before and 1 h after the compound administration using a whole body plethysmography. Results: The 'lipidized' serotonin compounds turned out to be stable in brain extracts in vitro for up to 3 h of the test. However, we could not substantiate the presence of any of the compounds in the brain, with either method used, after i.p. administration. Likewise, none of the compounds had any appreciable effect on the profile of the stimulatory hypoxic ventilatory response. Conclusions: Synthetically attaching lipophilic groups to the serotonin molecule does not make it penetrate into the brain. The lack of serotonin penetrability likely depends on the planarity of its molecule, as it does not seem to depend on the size, number of carbons or bond saturation of the 'lipidized' molecules. Such molecules do not directly interfere with the carotid chemoreceptor-mediated hypoxic ventilatory response. The study failed to substantiate the bioactive potential of the lipid derivatives of serotonin.

Absence of bioactivity of lipid derivatives of serotonin

MAZZATENTA, ANDREA;
2010

Abstract

Background: Serotonin (5-HT) and its receptors are present in central, the brain stem, and peripheral, the carotid body, tissues controlling the ventilatory responses to hypoxia. The exact action of serotonin and its nature are, however, unsettled. We hypothesized that the discrepant results on the ventilatory action of serotonin could be caused by the inability of serotonin to penetrate into the brain or the plasma membrane lipid bilayers, the target site of signal transduction cascades, after its exogenous administration. Objective: To study the penetrability of novel lipid derivatives of serotonin of varying fatty acid chain length and number of saturated/unsaturated bonds, the oleic, caprylic, and caprolic amides of 5-HT, into the brain, and their functional effects on the hypoxic ventilatory response in awake rats after systemic administration. Material and methods: Adult Wistar rats were used for the experiments. In the biochemical part of the study, the presence and stability of the compounds tested, after i.p. injection, was assessed in brain extracts using spectrophotometry and thin-layered chromatography. In the functional part, the ventilatory responses to 8 and 12% hypoxia were compared before and 1 h after the compound administration using a whole body plethysmography. Results: The 'lipidized' serotonin compounds turned out to be stable in brain extracts in vitro for up to 3 h of the test. However, we could not substantiate the presence of any of the compounds in the brain, with either method used, after i.p. administration. Likewise, none of the compounds had any appreciable effect on the profile of the stimulatory hypoxic ventilatory response. Conclusions: Synthetically attaching lipophilic groups to the serotonin molecule does not make it penetrate into the brain. The lack of serotonin penetrability likely depends on the planarity of its molecule, as it does not seem to depend on the size, number of carbons or bond saturation of the 'lipidized' molecules. Such molecules do not directly interfere with the carotid chemoreceptor-mediated hypoxic ventilatory response. The study failed to substantiate the bioactive potential of the lipid derivatives of serotonin.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11564/645451
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