BACKGROUND: Circulating pentraxin 3 (PTX3), the main regulator of the inflammatory response, rapidly increases following cardiovascular events, and low PTX3 is associated with high body mass index. METHODS AND RESULTS: We conducted a 12-month longitudinal study, to test the hypothesis that laparoscopic adjustable gastric banding (LAGB)-induced weight loss was associated with changes in platelet activation markers and PTX3. Twelve obese patients, scheduled to undergo LAGB, were enrolled at the University Obesity Center. Urinary 11-dehydro-thromboxane (Tx)B2excretion rate was measured on radioimmunoassay, and PTX3 and CD40L were determined on immunoassay. Plasma PTX3 increased by 178.8 and 214.9% (P<0.0001), respectively, 6 and 12 months after LAGB. High-sensitivity CRP decreased by 24 and 29.7% (P<0.0001), whereas CD40L decreased by 64.3 and 58.6% (P=0.002), respectively. Urinary 11-dehydro-TxB2decreased from 1,443 to 715 and 564 pg/mg creatinine, respectively 6 months and 12 months after LAGB (P<0.0001). PTX3 was inversely related to platelet activation markers, 11-dehydro-TxB2and CD40L. Moreover, multiple regression analysis on pooled data showed that plasma PTX3 was an independent predictor of urinary 11-dehydro-TxB2. CONCLUSIONS: There is an association between inflammation, platelet activation and metabolic dysfunction in obesity, and PTX3 is a key player within these circuits.

Pentraxin 3 and platelet activation in obese patients after gastric banding

SANTILLI, FRANCESCA;GUAGNANO, Maria Teresa;INNOCENTI, Paolo;VAZZANA, NATALE;LATTANZIO, STEFANO;LIANI, ROSSELLA;TRIPALDI, ROMINA;CREATO, VALERIA;ROMANO, Mario;DAVI', Giovanni
2016

Abstract

BACKGROUND: Circulating pentraxin 3 (PTX3), the main regulator of the inflammatory response, rapidly increases following cardiovascular events, and low PTX3 is associated with high body mass index. METHODS AND RESULTS: We conducted a 12-month longitudinal study, to test the hypothesis that laparoscopic adjustable gastric banding (LAGB)-induced weight loss was associated with changes in platelet activation markers and PTX3. Twelve obese patients, scheduled to undergo LAGB, were enrolled at the University Obesity Center. Urinary 11-dehydro-thromboxane (Tx)B2excretion rate was measured on radioimmunoassay, and PTX3 and CD40L were determined on immunoassay. Plasma PTX3 increased by 178.8 and 214.9% (P<0.0001), respectively, 6 and 12 months after LAGB. High-sensitivity CRP decreased by 24 and 29.7% (P<0.0001), whereas CD40L decreased by 64.3 and 58.6% (P=0.002), respectively. Urinary 11-dehydro-TxB2decreased from 1,443 to 715 and 564 pg/mg creatinine, respectively 6 months and 12 months after LAGB (P<0.0001). PTX3 was inversely related to platelet activation markers, 11-dehydro-TxB2and CD40L. Moreover, multiple regression analysis on pooled data showed that plasma PTX3 was an independent predictor of urinary 11-dehydro-TxB2. CONCLUSIONS: There is an association between inflammation, platelet activation and metabolic dysfunction in obesity, and PTX3 is a key player within these circuits.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11564/658225
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