BACKGROUND: Controversial data exist on the possibility that inhaled corticosteroids (ICs) affect growth in children with mild-to-moderate asthma. We assessed whether ICs affect growth and final height (FH) in asthmatic children compared to controls. METHODS: A retrospective study was conducted on 113 asthmatic children compared with 66 control children. Asthmatic children presented with mild-to-moderate asthma and had exclusive ICs. Anthropometric data of four specific time-points were collected for both groups (pre-puberty, onset and late puberty, and FH) and converted to standard deviation scores (SDS). Growth trajectories were assessed as follows: (i) in puberty, using peak height velocity (PHV) and pubertal height gain SDS (PHG-SDS); (ii) until FH achievement, using FH-SDS and FH gain SDS (FHG-SDS). Repeated measurement analysis was performed across longitudinal study visits. A general linear model (GLM) was performed in asthmatic group evaluating the effect of corticosteroid type, treatment duration, and cumulative dose on FH corrected for multiple variables. RESULTS: At pre-puberty, height and weight SDS were similar between the groups (p > 0.05). Height SDS progressively declined over the study period in asthmatic patients from pre-puberty to FH (p-trend < 0.05), whereas it did not change over time in controls (p-trend > 0.05), in both boys and girls. Asthmatic children had exclusive ICs [budesonide (n = 36) vs. fluticasone (n = 43) vs. mometasone (n = 34)] for a mean period of 6.25 ± 1.20 years and a mean cumulative dose of 560.07 ± 76.02 mg. They showed decreased PHG-SDS and lower PHV compared to controls (all p < 0.05). FH-SDS and FHG-SDS were significantly reduced in asthmatic group compared to controls. FH in asthmatic patients was 2.5 ± 2.89 cm lower in boys and 2.0 ± 2.03 cm lower in girls than controls. The GLM showed that FH achievement was dependent on the type of ICs, duration of the treatment, and cumulative dose (p < 0.05).

Influence of inhaled corticosteroids on pubertal growth and final height in asthmatic children

DE LEONIBUS, CHIARA;ATTANASI, MARINA;MARCOVECCHIO, Maria Loredana;CHIARELLI, Francesco;MOHN, Angelika Anna
2016-01-01

Abstract

BACKGROUND: Controversial data exist on the possibility that inhaled corticosteroids (ICs) affect growth in children with mild-to-moderate asthma. We assessed whether ICs affect growth and final height (FH) in asthmatic children compared to controls. METHODS: A retrospective study was conducted on 113 asthmatic children compared with 66 control children. Asthmatic children presented with mild-to-moderate asthma and had exclusive ICs. Anthropometric data of four specific time-points were collected for both groups (pre-puberty, onset and late puberty, and FH) and converted to standard deviation scores (SDS). Growth trajectories were assessed as follows: (i) in puberty, using peak height velocity (PHV) and pubertal height gain SDS (PHG-SDS); (ii) until FH achievement, using FH-SDS and FH gain SDS (FHG-SDS). Repeated measurement analysis was performed across longitudinal study visits. A general linear model (GLM) was performed in asthmatic group evaluating the effect of corticosteroid type, treatment duration, and cumulative dose on FH corrected for multiple variables. RESULTS: At pre-puberty, height and weight SDS were similar between the groups (p > 0.05). Height SDS progressively declined over the study period in asthmatic patients from pre-puberty to FH (p-trend < 0.05), whereas it did not change over time in controls (p-trend > 0.05), in both boys and girls. Asthmatic children had exclusive ICs [budesonide (n = 36) vs. fluticasone (n = 43) vs. mometasone (n = 34)] for a mean period of 6.25 ± 1.20 years and a mean cumulative dose of 560.07 ± 76.02 mg. They showed decreased PHG-SDS and lower PHV compared to controls (all p < 0.05). FH-SDS and FHG-SDS were significantly reduced in asthmatic group compared to controls. FH in asthmatic patients was 2.5 ± 2.89 cm lower in boys and 2.0 ± 2.03 cm lower in girls than controls. The GLM showed that FH achievement was dependent on the type of ICs, duration of the treatment, and cumulative dose (p < 0.05).
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11564/660602
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