Background-—Differences in prognosis and baseline clinical presentation have been documented among patient with acute coronary syndrome and coronary artery disease with obstructive (ObCAD) or nonobstructive arteries (NObCAD), but the rates of events largely varied across single studies. We carried out a meta-analysis to compare the clinical presentation and prognosis of NObCAD versus ObCAD acute coronary syndrome patients, as well as of the subjects with zero versus mild occlusion. Methods and Results-—Searches were made in MedLine, EMBASE, Cochrane databases, and proceedings of international meetings up to June 30, 2015. We compared the risk of events of NObCAD versus ObCAD patients using random-effect metaanalyses. We also performed meta-analyses to estimate the yearly or monthly outcome rates in each single group. In NObCAD and ObCAD patients, respectively, the combined yearly rates were as follows: 2.4% versus 10.1% (all-cause mortality); 1.2% versus 6.0% (myocardial infarction), 4.0% versus 12.8% (all-cause mortality plus myocardial infarction), 1.4% versus 5.9% (cardiac death), and 9.2% versus 16.8% (major cardiovascular events). In the studies directly comparing NObCAD versus ObCAD, all of the above outcomes were significantly less frequent in NObCAD subjects (with risk ratios ranging from 0.33 to 0.66). No differences in any outcome rate were observed between mild occlusion (1–49% stenosis) and zero occlusion patients. Conclusions-—NObCAD in patients with acute coronary syndrome has a significantly lower cardiovascular risk at baseline and a subsequent lower likelihood of death or main cardiovascular events. However, these subjects are still at high risk for cardiovascular mortality and morbidity, suggesting potential undertreatment and calling for specific management.

Nonobstructive Versus Obstructive Coronary Artery Disease in Acute Coronary Syndrome: A Meta‐Analysis

FLACCO, MARIA ELENA;FRAGASSI, GIORGIA;MANZOLI, Lamberto
2016-01-01

Abstract

Background-—Differences in prognosis and baseline clinical presentation have been documented among patient with acute coronary syndrome and coronary artery disease with obstructive (ObCAD) or nonobstructive arteries (NObCAD), but the rates of events largely varied across single studies. We carried out a meta-analysis to compare the clinical presentation and prognosis of NObCAD versus ObCAD acute coronary syndrome patients, as well as of the subjects with zero versus mild occlusion. Methods and Results-—Searches were made in MedLine, EMBASE, Cochrane databases, and proceedings of international meetings up to June 30, 2015. We compared the risk of events of NObCAD versus ObCAD patients using random-effect metaanalyses. We also performed meta-analyses to estimate the yearly or monthly outcome rates in each single group. In NObCAD and ObCAD patients, respectively, the combined yearly rates were as follows: 2.4% versus 10.1% (all-cause mortality); 1.2% versus 6.0% (myocardial infarction), 4.0% versus 12.8% (all-cause mortality plus myocardial infarction), 1.4% versus 5.9% (cardiac death), and 9.2% versus 16.8% (major cardiovascular events). In the studies directly comparing NObCAD versus ObCAD, all of the above outcomes were significantly less frequent in NObCAD subjects (with risk ratios ranging from 0.33 to 0.66). No differences in any outcome rate were observed between mild occlusion (1–49% stenosis) and zero occlusion patients. Conclusions-—NObCAD in patients with acute coronary syndrome has a significantly lower cardiovascular risk at baseline and a subsequent lower likelihood of death or main cardiovascular events. However, these subjects are still at high risk for cardiovascular mortality and morbidity, suggesting potential undertreatment and calling for specific management.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11564/662616
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