Purpose Crizotinib, a mesenchymal-epithelial transition/anaplastic lymphoma kinase/c-ros oncogene 1 (ROS1) inhibitor, has recently been approved by the US Food and Drug Administration for the treatment of patients with advanced ROS1-positive non–small-cell lung cancer (NSCLC). Therefore, interest in ROS1 testing is growing. ROS1 gene fusions affect approximately 0.5% to 2% of unselected NSCLCs. Limited data are available on the prevalence and distribution of ROS1 fusions in patients with advanced-stage NSCLC. Material and Methods A series of 727 lung adenocarcinomas from patients with stage IV disease, negative for epidermal growth factor receptor and anaplastic lymphoma kinase alterations, were tested for ROS1 fusions by fluorescent in situ hybridization analysis, with confirmation by immunohistochemistry. Results were correlated with clinicopathologic parameters and compared with data from the literature. Results ROS1 fusions were detected in 29 patients (4%), including 27 of 266 females (10.2%) and two of 461 males (0.4%; P = 1.2E-10). The mean age of patients with ROS1-positive disease was lower than that of patients with ROS1-negative disease (49.21 v 62.96 years, respectively; P = 1.1E-10). Eleven of 583 smokers (1.9%) and 18 of 144 nonsmokers (12.5%) showed ROS1 rearrangement (P = 4.05E-7). By logistic regression analysis, ROS1 fusions were independently associated with female sex, younger age at diagnosis, and absence of smoking history, (odds ratios, 12.4, 7.9, and 3.6, respectively). These data, integrated with those reported in the literature, indicate that the prevalence of ROS1 fusions in females and in nonsmokers was higher in patients with advanced disease than in patients with operable disease (11.2% v 3.1%, P < .001; 11.6% v 2.8%, P < .001, respectively). The mean age at diagnosis was significantly lower in patients with advanced disease (49.8 years) than in patients with operable disease (55.6 years; P < .001). Conclusion Our data indicate that ROS1 fusions in patients with advanced-stage lung adenocarcinoma are more frequent in females, particularly if young and nonsmokers. A diagnostic algorithm for an accurate screening of ROS1 alterations was elaborated.

ROS1 Gene Fusion in Advanced Lung Cancer in Women: A Systematic Analysis, Review of the Literature, and Diagnostic Algorithm

MARCHETTI, Antonio
;
PACE, MARIA VITTORIA
;
LIBERATORE, Marcella
;
FILICE, GIAMPAOLO
;
GUETTI, LUIGI
;
MUCILLI, Felice
;
Fiamma Buttitta,
;
2017-01-01

Abstract

Purpose Crizotinib, a mesenchymal-epithelial transition/anaplastic lymphoma kinase/c-ros oncogene 1 (ROS1) inhibitor, has recently been approved by the US Food and Drug Administration for the treatment of patients with advanced ROS1-positive non–small-cell lung cancer (NSCLC). Therefore, interest in ROS1 testing is growing. ROS1 gene fusions affect approximately 0.5% to 2% of unselected NSCLCs. Limited data are available on the prevalence and distribution of ROS1 fusions in patients with advanced-stage NSCLC. Material and Methods A series of 727 lung adenocarcinomas from patients with stage IV disease, negative for epidermal growth factor receptor and anaplastic lymphoma kinase alterations, were tested for ROS1 fusions by fluorescent in situ hybridization analysis, with confirmation by immunohistochemistry. Results were correlated with clinicopathologic parameters and compared with data from the literature. Results ROS1 fusions were detected in 29 patients (4%), including 27 of 266 females (10.2%) and two of 461 males (0.4%; P = 1.2E-10). The mean age of patients with ROS1-positive disease was lower than that of patients with ROS1-negative disease (49.21 v 62.96 years, respectively; P = 1.1E-10). Eleven of 583 smokers (1.9%) and 18 of 144 nonsmokers (12.5%) showed ROS1 rearrangement (P = 4.05E-7). By logistic regression analysis, ROS1 fusions were independently associated with female sex, younger age at diagnosis, and absence of smoking history, (odds ratios, 12.4, 7.9, and 3.6, respectively). These data, integrated with those reported in the literature, indicate that the prevalence of ROS1 fusions in females and in nonsmokers was higher in patients with advanced disease than in patients with operable disease (11.2% v 3.1%, P < .001; 11.6% v 2.8%, P < .001, respectively). The mean age at diagnosis was significantly lower in patients with advanced disease (49.8 years) than in patients with operable disease (55.6 years; P < .001). Conclusion Our data indicate that ROS1 fusions in patients with advanced-stage lung adenocarcinoma are more frequent in females, particularly if young and nonsmokers. A diagnostic algorithm for an accurate screening of ROS1 alterations was elaborated.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11564/664570
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