The mechanism of action of low-dose aspirin in the prevention of colorectal cancer (CRC) remains largely hypothetical. We aimed to compare the effects of low-dose aspirin (100 mg/day for 7 days) given to 40 individuals undergoing CRC screening on the extent of cyclooxygenase (COX)-1 acetylation at serine-529 (AceCOX-1), in blood platelets vs. colorectal mucosa, at 7 (group 1) and 24 h (group 2) after dosing. A significantly (P < 0.01) lower ¬eCOX-1 was detected in colonic and rectal mucosa (average 64%) vs. platelets (average 75%) in both groups. This effect was associated with an average 46% (P < 0.01) and 35% (P < 0.05) reduction in prostaglandin (PG) E2 levels and phosphorylated S6 (p-S6) levels, respectively. Rectal mucosal levels of p-S6/S6 significantly (P < 0.01) correlated with PGE2. These findings demonstrate that low-dose aspirin produces long-lasting acetylation of COX-1 and downregulation of p-S6 in human colorectal mucosa, an effect that may interfere with early colorectal carcinogenesis.

Low-dose aspirin acetylates cyclooxygenase-1 in human colorectal mucosa: implications for the chemoprevention of colorectal cancer.

PATRIGNANI, Paola
Primo
;
SACCO, ANGELA
Secondo
;
BRUNO, ANNALISA;DOVIZIO, MELANIA;DI FRANCESCO, LUIGIA;CONTURSI, ANNALISA;ZUCCHELLI, MIRCO;SCHIAVONE, SIMONE;TACCONELLI, Stefania;PATRONO, Carlo;
2017

Abstract

The mechanism of action of low-dose aspirin in the prevention of colorectal cancer (CRC) remains largely hypothetical. We aimed to compare the effects of low-dose aspirin (100 mg/day for 7 days) given to 40 individuals undergoing CRC screening on the extent of cyclooxygenase (COX)-1 acetylation at serine-529 (AceCOX-1), in blood platelets vs. colorectal mucosa, at 7 (group 1) and 24 h (group 2) after dosing. A significantly (P < 0.01) lower ¬eCOX-1 was detected in colonic and rectal mucosa (average 64%) vs. platelets (average 75%) in both groups. This effect was associated with an average 46% (P < 0.01) and 35% (P < 0.05) reduction in prostaglandin (PG) E2 levels and phosphorylated S6 (p-S6) levels, respectively. Rectal mucosal levels of p-S6/S6 significantly (P < 0.01) correlated with PGE2. These findings demonstrate that low-dose aspirin produces long-lasting acetylation of COX-1 and downregulation of p-S6 in human colorectal mucosa, an effect that may interfere with early colorectal carcinogenesis.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11564/665440
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