Psychological distress has been frequently reported in the setting of skin disorders. The Diagnostic Criteria for Psychosomatic Research (DCPR) have been found to yield valuable integrative information, in addition to DSM-IV nosology, in a variety of medical diseases. The aim of this study was to verify whether this integration could also be helpful in dermatology. A consecutive series of 539 inpatients with various skin conditions was evaluated by means of structured interviews for DSM-IV and DCPR diagnoses. The prevalence of DSM-IV conditions was 38% (mostly depressive disorders and anxiety disorders), whereas that of DCPR clusters (mostly demoralization and somatization secondary to psychopathology) was 48%. Overall, DCPR diagnoses were significantly more frequent than DSM-IV categories, regardless of the presence or absence of a psychiatric disorder. Psychological assessment of patients with skin diseases needs to incorporate both clinical (DSM-IV) and subclinical (DCPR) methods of classification. The health status of these patients can be improved if their psychological problems are appropriately assessed and recognized.
File in questo prodotto:
Non ci sono file associati a questo prodotto.