OBJECTIVE: The present study investigated whether the glycoprotein (GP)IIb/IIIa receptor blocker abciximab might be a successful bridging strategy to achieve adequate levels of platelet inhibition rapidly in cases where prasugrel is used in morphine-pretreated ST-elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) patients. METHODS: In a prospective observational cohort study, 32 patients presenting with STEMI were given prasugrel at a loading dose of 60 mg. Patients were stratified into four groups, according to morphine and/or abciximab use. Adenosine diphosphate (ADP)-induced platelet aggregation was measured at four time points: at baseline, and at 2 h, 1 day and 2 days after prasugrel loading. RESULTS: Morphine use was associated with a three-fold higher level of ADP-induced platelet aggregation 2 h after prasugrel loading compared with no morphine/no abciximab (P = 0.019). However, when abciximab was infused in the catheterization laboratory, the effect of morphine on ADP-induced platelet aggregation disappeared (P = 0.884). This interaction was also seen in the presence of high on-treatment platelet reactivity (HTPR) at 2 h; while HTPR was seen in 88% of morphine users/no abciximab users, it was found in only 17-20% in the three other groups (P = 0.003). The effect of morphine disappeared by day 1 - 2. CONCLUSION: The infusion of the GPIIb/IIIa receptor blocker abciximab allows immediate and efficient platelet inhibition in STEMI patients concomitantly receiving the oral ADP receptor blocker prasugrel and morphine.
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