In this case, originally reported as primary eyelid plasmacytoma, the tumor recurred on the same eyelid within 2 years of surgery. No plasma cell infiltration was observed at bone marrow biopsy. No serum or urinary monoclonal component was detected at immunofixation. Histology and immunohistochemistry confirmed plasma cell infiltration. Tumor cell clonality was determined by immunohistological staining; cells were positive for kappa light chain like the first eyelid tumor. Surgery was followed by radiotherapy. Twenty months later, biopsy of one enlarged right cervical lymph node showed massive diffuse infiltration of atypical plasma cells (CD20(-), CD79a(+), CD138(+), MUM1/IRF4(+)). Given the rapid diffusion to lymph nodes and the appearance of the monoclonal component, the lymph node was removed surgically. No adjuvant chemotherapy was given. Unexpectedly, the serum monoclonal component normalized. No plasma cell infiltration was observed at bone marrow biopsy. As this case might be a particularly slow-progressing extra-medullary plasmacytoma, this study recommends closely monitored follow-ups so that the aggressive form can be treated in time.

Recurrent primary plasmacytoma of the eyelid with rapid regional metastasis

DI IANNI, MAURO;
2006-01-01

Abstract

In this case, originally reported as primary eyelid plasmacytoma, the tumor recurred on the same eyelid within 2 years of surgery. No plasma cell infiltration was observed at bone marrow biopsy. No serum or urinary monoclonal component was detected at immunofixation. Histology and immunohistochemistry confirmed plasma cell infiltration. Tumor cell clonality was determined by immunohistological staining; cells were positive for kappa light chain like the first eyelid tumor. Surgery was followed by radiotherapy. Twenty months later, biopsy of one enlarged right cervical lymph node showed massive diffuse infiltration of atypical plasma cells (CD20(-), CD79a(+), CD138(+), MUM1/IRF4(+)). Given the rapid diffusion to lymph nodes and the appearance of the monoclonal component, the lymph node was removed surgically. No adjuvant chemotherapy was given. Unexpectedly, the serum monoclonal component normalized. No plasma cell infiltration was observed at bone marrow biopsy. As this case might be a particularly slow-progressing extra-medullary plasmacytoma, this study recommends closely monitored follow-ups so that the aggressive form can be treated in time.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11564/676450
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