A prospective, randomized, double-blind trial was conducted on 124 febrile patients with hematological malignancies to compare teicoplanin with vancomycin as an addition to the initial empiric amikacin-ceftazidime regimen after documented bacteremia due to gram-positive cocci. At enrolment, patients in both groups were comparable with respect to age, sex, underlying hematologic disorders and duration of neutropenia. Rates of therapeutic success were 55/63 (87.3%) in the teicoplanin group and 56/61 (91.8%) in the vancomycin group (p = 0.560). The mean duration of treatment was similar, being 12.2 and 11.4 days, respectively (p = 0.216). Patients treated with teicoplanin remained febrile for slightly longer than those treated with vancomycin (4.9 vs. 4.0 days) (p = 0.013). Thirteen patients experienced an adverse drug reaction, but without any significant difference in the two arms. Isolated staphylococci showed a progressive and significant decrease in susceptibility to both glycopeptides during the 8 study years. The economic analysis performed showed that the addition of vancomycin is cost-saving.

Addition of teicoplanin or vancomycin for the treatment of documented bacteremia due to gram-positive cocci in neutropenic patients with hematological malignancies: Microbiological, clinical and economic evaluation

STANISCIA, Tommaso;PICCOLOMINI, Raffaele;DI BONAVENTURA, GIOVANNI;DI GIOVANNI, PAMELA;SCHIOPPA, Francesco Saverio;ROMANO, Ferdinando
2004

Abstract

A prospective, randomized, double-blind trial was conducted on 124 febrile patients with hematological malignancies to compare teicoplanin with vancomycin as an addition to the initial empiric amikacin-ceftazidime regimen after documented bacteremia due to gram-positive cocci. At enrolment, patients in both groups were comparable with respect to age, sex, underlying hematologic disorders and duration of neutropenia. Rates of therapeutic success were 55/63 (87.3%) in the teicoplanin group and 56/61 (91.8%) in the vancomycin group (p = 0.560). The mean duration of treatment was similar, being 12.2 and 11.4 days, respectively (p = 0.216). Patients treated with teicoplanin remained febrile for slightly longer than those treated with vancomycin (4.9 vs. 4.0 days) (p = 0.013). Thirteen patients experienced an adverse drug reaction, but without any significant difference in the two arms. Isolated staphylococci showed a progressive and significant decrease in susceptibility to both glycopeptides during the 8 study years. The economic analysis performed showed that the addition of vancomycin is cost-saving.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11564/676599
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