Introduction. Adding stem cells to biodegradable scaffolds to enhance bone regeneration is a valuable option. Different kinds of stem cells with osteoblastic activity were tested, such as bone marrow stromal stem cells (BMSSCs). Aim. To assess a correct protocol for osteogenic stem cell differentiation, so BMSSCs were seeded on a bone porcine block (BPB). Materials and Methods. Bone marrow from six minipigs was extracted from tibiae and humeri and treated to isolate BMSSCs. After seeding on BPB, critical-size defects were created on each mandible of the minipigs and implanted with BPB and BPB/BMSSCs. After three months, histomorphometric analysis was performed. Results. Histomorphometric analysis provided percentages of the three groups. Tissues present in control defects were 23 +/- 2% lamellar bone, 28 +/- 1% woven bone, and 56 +/- 4% marrow spaces; in BPB defects were 20 +/- 5% BPB, 32 +/- 2% lamellar bone, 24 +/- 1% woven bone, and 28 +/- 2% marrow spaces; in BPB/BMSSCs defects were 17 +/- 4% BPB/BMSSCs, 42 +/- 2% lamellar bone, 12 +/- 1% woven bone, and 22 +/- 3% marrow spaces. Conclusion. BPB used as a scaffold to induce bone regeneration may benefit from the addition of BDPSCs in the tissue-engineered constructs.

Bone Regeneration Induced by Bone Porcine Block with Bone Marrow Stromal Stem Cells in a Minipig Model of Mandibular "Critical Size" Defect

SCARANO, Antonio;COZZOLINO, VALERIO;LORUSSO, FELICE;
2017-01-01

Abstract

Introduction. Adding stem cells to biodegradable scaffolds to enhance bone regeneration is a valuable option. Different kinds of stem cells with osteoblastic activity were tested, such as bone marrow stromal stem cells (BMSSCs). Aim. To assess a correct protocol for osteogenic stem cell differentiation, so BMSSCs were seeded on a bone porcine block (BPB). Materials and Methods. Bone marrow from six minipigs was extracted from tibiae and humeri and treated to isolate BMSSCs. After seeding on BPB, critical-size defects were created on each mandible of the minipigs and implanted with BPB and BPB/BMSSCs. After three months, histomorphometric analysis was performed. Results. Histomorphometric analysis provided percentages of the three groups. Tissues present in control defects were 23 +/- 2% lamellar bone, 28 +/- 1% woven bone, and 56 +/- 4% marrow spaces; in BPB defects were 20 +/- 5% BPB, 32 +/- 2% lamellar bone, 24 +/- 1% woven bone, and 28 +/- 2% marrow spaces; in BPB/BMSSCs defects were 17 +/- 4% BPB/BMSSCs, 42 +/- 2% lamellar bone, 12 +/- 1% woven bone, and 22 +/- 3% marrow spaces. Conclusion. BPB used as a scaffold to induce bone regeneration may benefit from the addition of BDPSCs in the tissue-engineered constructs.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11564/679120
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