BACKGROUND: The value of the D-dimer (DD) test in combination with the clinical pretest probability (PTP) has not been evaluated in cancer patients with suspected deep vein thrombosis (DVT), whereas this group of patients usually accounts for 10-25% of clinically suspected DVT. METHODS: A cohort of 2066 consecutive patients with clinically suspected DVT was investigated. Patients were judged to be positive or negative for DVT according to the outcomes of serial compression ultrasound and a 3-month follow-up period with imaging test verification of the symptomatic cases. Diagnostic accuracy indices of the DD test according to the PTP score were assessed in patients with and without cancer. RESULTS: Of the cohort, 244 (11%) were known to have cancer at presentation. A venous thromboembolic event was diagnosed in 41% of the patients with cancer and in 22% of the patients without malignancy. Among the cancer patients, 17% were considered to have a low PTP, 35% a moderate and 41% a high PTP. The negative predictive value (NPV) of the DD test was 100% (95% CI, 85-100) and 97% (95% CI, 88-99) among cancer patients with low PTP or low-moderate PTP. In the absence of malignancy, the corresponding NPV were 98% and 97%, respectively. The specificity of the DD test progressively decreased moving from the low to the higher PTP.

Combined use of clinical pretest probability and D-dimer test in cancer patients with clinically suspected deep venous thrombosis

Di Nisio, Marcello
;
2006-01-01

Abstract

BACKGROUND: The value of the D-dimer (DD) test in combination with the clinical pretest probability (PTP) has not been evaluated in cancer patients with suspected deep vein thrombosis (DVT), whereas this group of patients usually accounts for 10-25% of clinically suspected DVT. METHODS: A cohort of 2066 consecutive patients with clinically suspected DVT was investigated. Patients were judged to be positive or negative for DVT according to the outcomes of serial compression ultrasound and a 3-month follow-up period with imaging test verification of the symptomatic cases. Diagnostic accuracy indices of the DD test according to the PTP score were assessed in patients with and without cancer. RESULTS: Of the cohort, 244 (11%) were known to have cancer at presentation. A venous thromboembolic event was diagnosed in 41% of the patients with cancer and in 22% of the patients without malignancy. Among the cancer patients, 17% were considered to have a low PTP, 35% a moderate and 41% a high PTP. The negative predictive value (NPV) of the DD test was 100% (95% CI, 85-100) and 97% (95% CI, 88-99) among cancer patients with low PTP or low-moderate PTP. In the absence of malignancy, the corresponding NPV were 98% and 97%, respectively. The specificity of the DD test progressively decreased moving from the low to the higher PTP.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11564/681983
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