AIM: Intraventricular haemorrhage (IVH) is the most common variety of cerebral haemorrhage and cause of neurological disabilities in preterm newborns. We evaluated the usefulness of urine Activin A concentrations for the early detection of perinatal IVH. METHODS: We conducted a case-control study on 100 preterm newborns (20 with IVH and 80 without IVH) in whom urine Activin A was measured at five predetermined time-points in the first 72 h after birth. IVH diagnosis and the extension of the lesion were performed by ultrasound scanning within the first 72 h and at 1 week after birth, respectively. RESULTS: Urine Activin A in infants who developed IVH was significantly higher than in controls at all monitoring time-points (p < 0.01 for all), increasing progressively from first urination to 24 h when it reached the highest peak (p < 0.001). At a cut-off 0.08 ng/L, at the first void, Activin A sensitivity and specificity were 68.7% (CI: 41.3-89%) and 84.5% (CI: 75-91.5%).

Elevated activin a urine levels are predictors of intraventricular haemorrhage in preterm newborns

Gazzolo, Diego
2013

Abstract

AIM: Intraventricular haemorrhage (IVH) is the most common variety of cerebral haemorrhage and cause of neurological disabilities in preterm newborns. We evaluated the usefulness of urine Activin A concentrations for the early detection of perinatal IVH. METHODS: We conducted a case-control study on 100 preterm newborns (20 with IVH and 80 without IVH) in whom urine Activin A was measured at five predetermined time-points in the first 72 h after birth. IVH diagnosis and the extension of the lesion were performed by ultrasound scanning within the first 72 h and at 1 week after birth, respectively. RESULTS: Urine Activin A in infants who developed IVH was significantly higher than in controls at all monitoring time-points (p < 0.01 for all), increasing progressively from first urination to 24 h when it reached the highest peak (p < 0.001). At a cut-off 0.08 ng/L, at the first void, Activin A sensitivity and specificity were 68.7% (CI: 41.3-89%) and 84.5% (CI: 75-91.5%).
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11564/688314
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