OBJECTIVE:The use of antidepressant drugs during pregnancy is rapidly increasing both in Europe and in the USA, with controversial data regarding side-effects on fetus and newborn. We investigated, in pregnant women and in fetal biological fluids whether the concentrations of a brain protein, Activin A, changed in association with the use of selective serotonin re-uptake inhibitors (SSRI).METHODS:We conducted a case control study in 24 women treated with SSRIs, matched with 24 healthy pregnancies as controls. Maternal blood (during labor, T1), fetal blood (venous (T2) and arterial [T3] umbilical cord blood) and amniotic fluid (T4) were drawn for standard laboratory assessment and for Activin A measurement.RESULTS:Activin A concentrations in maternal and fetal biological fluids were significantly higher in SSRI users than in the control groups(P < 0.05, for all).CONCLUSIONS:Activin A in maternal and fetal biological fluids is increased after SSRI administration in the third trimester of pregnancy. The present findings open up a new cue for further studies aimed at investigating protein's key role in central nervous system protection/damage in pregnant women using these drugs.

Antenatal maternal antidepressants drugs affect Activin A concentrations in maternal blood, in amniotic fluid and in fetal cord blood

Gazzolo, Diego
2011-01-01

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:The use of antidepressant drugs during pregnancy is rapidly increasing both in Europe and in the USA, with controversial data regarding side-effects on fetus and newborn. We investigated, in pregnant women and in fetal biological fluids whether the concentrations of a brain protein, Activin A, changed in association with the use of selective serotonin re-uptake inhibitors (SSRI).METHODS:We conducted a case control study in 24 women treated with SSRIs, matched with 24 healthy pregnancies as controls. Maternal blood (during labor, T1), fetal blood (venous (T2) and arterial [T3] umbilical cord blood) and amniotic fluid (T4) were drawn for standard laboratory assessment and for Activin A measurement.RESULTS:Activin A concentrations in maternal and fetal biological fluids were significantly higher in SSRI users than in the control groups(P < 0.05, for all).CONCLUSIONS:Activin A in maternal and fetal biological fluids is increased after SSRI administration in the third trimester of pregnancy. The present findings open up a new cue for further studies aimed at investigating protein's key role in central nervous system protection/damage in pregnant women using these drugs.
File in questo prodotto:
Non ci sono file associati a questo prodotto.

I documenti in IRIS sono protetti da copyright e tutti i diritti sono riservati, salvo diversa indicazione.

Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11564/688432
Citazioni
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.pmc??? 2
  • Scopus 4
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.isi??? 12
social impact