The aim of this study was to assess the use of S100 protein in blood as a means of identifying preterm infants at risk of intraventricular hemorrhage. In 25 preterm newborns, S100 blood concentrations were measured by an immunoradiometric assay during the first 48 h. Cerebral Doppler velocimetry waveform patterns were also tested at the time the blood sample was taken, when clinical and cerebral ultrasound scanning were still normal. Of the 25 newborns studied, 14 were controls and 11 developed intraventricular hemorrhage as revealed by ultrasound scanning more than 72 h after birth, and clinically confirmed by neurological examination on the seventh day of follow-up. S100 blood concentrations were significantly higher (P<0.002) in infants with intraventricular hemorrhage than in control infants and also correlated significantly (r=0.81, P<0.003) with the grade of hemorrhage. A significant correlation (r=0.70, P<0.05) between the S100 blood concentration and the middle cerebral artery pulsatility index was also observed. The present data show that S100 blood concentrations offer a measurable parameter of brain lesion in preterm infants before a radiological assessment of hemorrhage can be performed, when clinical symptoms may be silent and preventive/therapeutic action could be especially useful.

Elevated S100 blood level as an early indicator of intraventricular hemorrhage in preterm infants. Correlation with cerebral Doppler velocimetry

Gazzolo, D
;
1999

Abstract

The aim of this study was to assess the use of S100 protein in blood as a means of identifying preterm infants at risk of intraventricular hemorrhage. In 25 preterm newborns, S100 blood concentrations were measured by an immunoradiometric assay during the first 48 h. Cerebral Doppler velocimetry waveform patterns were also tested at the time the blood sample was taken, when clinical and cerebral ultrasound scanning were still normal. Of the 25 newborns studied, 14 were controls and 11 developed intraventricular hemorrhage as revealed by ultrasound scanning more than 72 h after birth, and clinically confirmed by neurological examination on the seventh day of follow-up. S100 blood concentrations were significantly higher (P<0.002) in infants with intraventricular hemorrhage than in control infants and also correlated significantly (r=0.81, P<0.003) with the grade of hemorrhage. A significant correlation (r=0.70, P<0.05) between the S100 blood concentration and the middle cerebral artery pulsatility index was also observed. The present data show that S100 blood concentrations offer a measurable parameter of brain lesion in preterm infants before a radiological assessment of hemorrhage can be performed, when clinical symptoms may be silent and preventive/therapeutic action could be especially useful.
File in questo prodotto:
Non ci sono file associati a questo prodotto.

I documenti in IRIS sono protetti da copyright e tutti i diritti sono riservati, salvo diversa indicazione.

Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11564/688687
Citazioni
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.pmc??? 16
  • Scopus 94
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.isi??? 84
social impact