INTRODUCTION: The procoagulant activity of extracellular vesicles (EV) exposing tissue factor (TF) is a promising biomarker for venous thromboembolism (VTE) in cancer patients. We evaluated an in-house EV-TF activity assay (the fibrin generation test) for the prediction of cancer-associated VTE. We also compared the results with the fibrin generation tests to an EV-TF-dependent factor Xa generation assay in samples from pancreatic cancer patients. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Data collected in a multinational, prospective cohort study were used. Patients with various types of advanced cancer were enrolled if chemotherapy was scheduled or started in the previous 3 months. Patients were followed for 6 months for the occurrence of VTE. The fibrin generation test was performed at baseline to measure EV-TF procoagulant activity. RESULTS: The fibrin generation test was performed in 648 patients with advanced cancer. The mean age was 62 years; 58% had distant metastasis. Forty patients (6.1%) developed VTE. Overall, a high fibrin generation test result was associated with a two-fold increased risk for VTE (HR 2.0; 95%-CI, 1.1-3.6). The association was stronger in patients with pancreatic cancer (HR 4.1; 95%-CI, 0.91-19) than in those with other tumor types (HR 1.5; 95%-CI, 0.72-3.1). Correlation between the FGT and the TF-dependent factor Xa generation assay in patients with pancreatic cancer was poor (Spearman's R = 0.35).

Extracellular vesicles exposing tissue factor for the prediction of venous thromboembolism in patients with cancer: A prospective cohort study

Di Nisio, Marcello;
2018

Abstract

INTRODUCTION: The procoagulant activity of extracellular vesicles (EV) exposing tissue factor (TF) is a promising biomarker for venous thromboembolism (VTE) in cancer patients. We evaluated an in-house EV-TF activity assay (the fibrin generation test) for the prediction of cancer-associated VTE. We also compared the results with the fibrin generation tests to an EV-TF-dependent factor Xa generation assay in samples from pancreatic cancer patients. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Data collected in a multinational, prospective cohort study were used. Patients with various types of advanced cancer were enrolled if chemotherapy was scheduled or started in the previous 3 months. Patients were followed for 6 months for the occurrence of VTE. The fibrin generation test was performed at baseline to measure EV-TF procoagulant activity. RESULTS: The fibrin generation test was performed in 648 patients with advanced cancer. The mean age was 62 years; 58% had distant metastasis. Forty patients (6.1%) developed VTE. Overall, a high fibrin generation test result was associated with a two-fold increased risk for VTE (HR 2.0; 95%-CI, 1.1-3.6). The association was stronger in patients with pancreatic cancer (HR 4.1; 95%-CI, 0.91-19) than in those with other tumor types (HR 1.5; 95%-CI, 0.72-3.1). Correlation between the FGT and the TF-dependent factor Xa generation assay in patients with pancreatic cancer was poor (Spearman's R = 0.35).
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11564/691832
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