Chronic wounds represent an increasing problem worldwide. Graphene oxide (GO) has been reported to exhibit strong antibacterial activity toward both Gram-positive and Gram-negative bacteria. The aim of this work was to investigate the in vitro antimicrobial and antibiofilm efficacy of GO against wound pathogens. Staphylococcus aureus PECHA 10, Pseudomonas aeruginosa PECHA 4, and Candida albicans X3 clinical isolates were incubated with 50 mg/liter of GO for 2 and 24 h to evaluate the antimicrobial effect. Optical and atomic force microscopy images were performed to visualize the effect of GO on microbial cells. Moreover, the antibiofilm effect of GO was tested on biofilms, both in formation and mature. Compared to the respective time controls, GO significantly reduced the S. aureus growth both at 2 and 24 h in a time-dependent way, and it displayed a bacteriostatic effect in respect to the GO t = 0; an immediate (after 2 h) slowdown of bacterial growth was detected for P. aeruginosa, whereas a tardive effect (after 24 h) was recorded for C. albicans. Atomic force microscopy images showed the complete wrapping of S. aureus and C. albicans with GO sheets, which explains its antimicrobial activity. Moreover, significant inhibition of biofilm formation and a reduction of mature biofilm were recorded for each detected microorganism. The antibacterial and antibiofilm properties of GO against chronic wound microorganisms make it an interesting candidate to incorporate into wound bandages to treat and/or prevent microbial infections.

Antimicrobial and Antibiofilm Efficacy of Graphene Oxide against Chronic Wound Microorganisms

Di Giulio Mara
;
Zappacosta Romina;Di Lodovico Silvia;Di Campli Emanuela;Siani Gabriella;Fontana Antonella;Luigina Cellini
2018-01-01

Abstract

Chronic wounds represent an increasing problem worldwide. Graphene oxide (GO) has been reported to exhibit strong antibacterial activity toward both Gram-positive and Gram-negative bacteria. The aim of this work was to investigate the in vitro antimicrobial and antibiofilm efficacy of GO against wound pathogens. Staphylococcus aureus PECHA 10, Pseudomonas aeruginosa PECHA 4, and Candida albicans X3 clinical isolates were incubated with 50 mg/liter of GO for 2 and 24 h to evaluate the antimicrobial effect. Optical and atomic force microscopy images were performed to visualize the effect of GO on microbial cells. Moreover, the antibiofilm effect of GO was tested on biofilms, both in formation and mature. Compared to the respective time controls, GO significantly reduced the S. aureus growth both at 2 and 24 h in a time-dependent way, and it displayed a bacteriostatic effect in respect to the GO t = 0; an immediate (after 2 h) slowdown of bacterial growth was detected for P. aeruginosa, whereas a tardive effect (after 24 h) was recorded for C. albicans. Atomic force microscopy images showed the complete wrapping of S. aureus and C. albicans with GO sheets, which explains its antimicrobial activity. Moreover, significant inhibition of biofilm formation and a reduction of mature biofilm were recorded for each detected microorganism. The antibacterial and antibiofilm properties of GO against chronic wound microorganisms make it an interesting candidate to incorporate into wound bandages to treat and/or prevent microbial infections.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11564/692311
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