Abstract: Background: Alzheimer’s disease (AD) is a form of dementia characterized by failure of memory that becomes more severe with the progression of the disease. The Free and Cued Selective Reminding Test (FCSRT) is a clinical test used to evaluate such a deficit. However, since the cognitive performances could depend also on the psychophysiological state of the individual, it is important to monitor that state through the peripheral autonomic activity during the execution of the test. Thermal infrared imaging has been used for this kind of assessment in order to preserve the free and unbiased interaction between doctor and patient, thanks to the contactless features of the technique. Objective: To investigate whether the variation of facial temperature parameters during the FCSRT is DOI: indicative of different autonomic states in the early AD with respect to healthy controls (HC). Received: October 31, 2017 Revised: January 28, 2018 Accepted: April 23, 2018 Results: At a group level, a greater sympathetic activity for the HC with respect to AD during the execu- tion of the test was found, indicative of a suppression of anxiety associated with the performances of the FCSRT in AD patients. Conclusion: These results indicate that AD and HC may present different autonomic activity associated with the execution of a cognitive task, thus suggesting a different modulation of high-cognition and emotion network.

Assessment of the autonomic response in Alzheimer's patients during the execution of memory tasks: A functional thermal imaging study

Perpetuini, David
;
Cardone, Daniela;Bucco, Roberta;Zito, Michele;Merla, Arcangelo
2018

Abstract

Abstract: Background: Alzheimer’s disease (AD) is a form of dementia characterized by failure of memory that becomes more severe with the progression of the disease. The Free and Cued Selective Reminding Test (FCSRT) is a clinical test used to evaluate such a deficit. However, since the cognitive performances could depend also on the psychophysiological state of the individual, it is important to monitor that state through the peripheral autonomic activity during the execution of the test. Thermal infrared imaging has been used for this kind of assessment in order to preserve the free and unbiased interaction between doctor and patient, thanks to the contactless features of the technique. Objective: To investigate whether the variation of facial temperature parameters during the FCSRT is DOI: indicative of different autonomic states in the early AD with respect to healthy controls (HC). Received: October 31, 2017 Revised: January 28, 2018 Accepted: April 23, 2018 Results: At a group level, a greater sympathetic activity for the HC with respect to AD during the execu- tion of the test was found, indicative of a suppression of anxiety associated with the performances of the FCSRT in AD patients. Conclusion: These results indicate that AD and HC may present different autonomic activity associated with the execution of a cognitive task, thus suggesting a different modulation of high-cognition and emotion network.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11564/699590
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