OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the in vitro antimicrobial/antivirulence action of bovine lactoferrin and its ability to synergize with levofloxacin against resistant Helicobacter pylori strains and to analyse the effect of levofloxacin, amoxicillin and esomeprazole with and without bovine lactoferrin as the first-line treatment for H. pylori infection. METHODS: The bovine lactoferrin antimicrobial/antivirulence effect was analysed in vitro by MIC/MBC determination and twitching motility against six clinical H. pylori strains and a reference strain. The synergism was evaluated using the chequerboard assay. The prospective therapeutic trial was carried out on two separate patient groups, one treated with esomeprazole/amoxicillin/levofloxacin and the other with esomeprazole/amoxicillin/levofloxacin/bovine lactoferrin. Treatment outcome was determined with the [13C]urea breath test. RESULTS: In vitro, bovine lactoferrin inhibited the growth of 50% of strains at 10 mg/mL and expressed 50% bactericidal effect at 40 mg/mL. The combination of levofloxacin and bovine lactoferrin displayed a synergistic effect for all strains, with the best MIC reduction of 16- and 32-fold for levofloxacin and bovine lactoferrin, respectively. Bovine lactoferrin at one-fourth MIC reduced microbial motility significantly for all strains studied. In the in vivo study, 6 of 24 patients recruited had treatment failure recorded with esomeprazole/amoxicillin/levofloxacin (75% success, 95% CI 57.68%-92.32%), and in the group with esomeprazole/amoxicillin/levofloxacin/bovine lactoferrin, 2 out of 53 patients recruited had failure recorded (96.07% success, 95% CI 90.62%-101.38%).

Bovine lactoferrin enhances the efficacy of levofloxacin-based triple therapy as first-line treatment of Helicobacter pylori infection: an in vitro and in vivo study.

Ciccaglione AF;Di Giulio M;Di Lodovico S;Di Campli E;Cellini L
;
Marzio L.
2019

Abstract

OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the in vitro antimicrobial/antivirulence action of bovine lactoferrin and its ability to synergize with levofloxacin against resistant Helicobacter pylori strains and to analyse the effect of levofloxacin, amoxicillin and esomeprazole with and without bovine lactoferrin as the first-line treatment for H. pylori infection. METHODS: The bovine lactoferrin antimicrobial/antivirulence effect was analysed in vitro by MIC/MBC determination and twitching motility against six clinical H. pylori strains and a reference strain. The synergism was evaluated using the chequerboard assay. The prospective therapeutic trial was carried out on two separate patient groups, one treated with esomeprazole/amoxicillin/levofloxacin and the other with esomeprazole/amoxicillin/levofloxacin/bovine lactoferrin. Treatment outcome was determined with the [13C]urea breath test. RESULTS: In vitro, bovine lactoferrin inhibited the growth of 50% of strains at 10 mg/mL and expressed 50% bactericidal effect at 40 mg/mL. The combination of levofloxacin and bovine lactoferrin displayed a synergistic effect for all strains, with the best MIC reduction of 16- and 32-fold for levofloxacin and bovine lactoferrin, respectively. Bovine lactoferrin at one-fourth MIC reduced microbial motility significantly for all strains studied. In the in vivo study, 6 of 24 patients recruited had treatment failure recorded with esomeprazole/amoxicillin/levofloxacin (75% success, 95% CI 57.68%-92.32%), and in the group with esomeprazole/amoxicillin/levofloxacin/bovine lactoferrin, 2 out of 53 patients recruited had failure recorded (96.07% success, 95% CI 90.62%-101.38%).
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11564/700546
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