PURPOSE: Staphylococcus aureus isolates, collected from various clinical samples, were analysed to evaluate the contribution of the genetic background of both erythromycin-resistant (ERSA) and -susceptible (ESSA) S. aureus strains to biofilm formation. METHODS: A total of 66 ESSA and 43 ERSA clinical isolates were studied for adhesiveness and biofilm formation under different atmospheres. All isolates were evaluated for phenotypic and genotypic macrolide resistance, and for clonal relatedness by pulsed-field gel electrophoresis (PFGE), and by spa typing on representative isolates. RESULTS: A high genetic heterogeneity was encountered, although 10 major PFGE types accounted for 86 % with a few small spatially and temporally related clusters. Overall, biofilm formation under anoxia was significantly lower than under oxic and micro-aerophilic atmospheres. Biofilm formation by ESSA was significantly higher compared to ERSA under oxic and micro-aerophilic conditions. Adhesiveness to plastic was significantly higher among respiratory tract infection isolates under micro-aerophilic conditions, while surgical site infection isolates formed significantly higher biomass of biofilm under oxic and micro-aerophilic atmospheres compared to anoxia. Pulsotype 2 and 4 strains formed significantly higher biofilm biomass than pulsotype 1, with strains belonging to CC8 forming significantly more compared to those belonging to CC5, under both oxic and micro-aerophilic atmospheres.

Adhesion and biofilm formation by Staphylococcus aureus clinical isolates under conditions relevant to the host: Relationship with macrolide resistance and clonal lineages

Di Bonaventura, Giovanni
;
Pompilio, Arianna;
2019

Abstract

PURPOSE: Staphylococcus aureus isolates, collected from various clinical samples, were analysed to evaluate the contribution of the genetic background of both erythromycin-resistant (ERSA) and -susceptible (ESSA) S. aureus strains to biofilm formation. METHODS: A total of 66 ESSA and 43 ERSA clinical isolates were studied for adhesiveness and biofilm formation under different atmospheres. All isolates were evaluated for phenotypic and genotypic macrolide resistance, and for clonal relatedness by pulsed-field gel electrophoresis (PFGE), and by spa typing on representative isolates. RESULTS: A high genetic heterogeneity was encountered, although 10 major PFGE types accounted for 86 % with a few small spatially and temporally related clusters. Overall, biofilm formation under anoxia was significantly lower than under oxic and micro-aerophilic atmospheres. Biofilm formation by ESSA was significantly higher compared to ERSA under oxic and micro-aerophilic conditions. Adhesiveness to plastic was significantly higher among respiratory tract infection isolates under micro-aerophilic conditions, while surgical site infection isolates formed significantly higher biomass of biofilm under oxic and micro-aerophilic atmospheres compared to anoxia. Pulsotype 2 and 4 strains formed significantly higher biofilm biomass than pulsotype 1, with strains belonging to CC8 forming significantly more compared to those belonging to CC5, under both oxic and micro-aerophilic atmospheres.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11564/702241
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