Fibrates are a class of phenoxyisobutyric acid derivatives mainly used as anti-hyperlipidemic agents. The fibrate scaffold has undergone a variety of chemical modifications, providing a wide spectrum of biological activities. Within the last few years, the majority of new synthetic fibrate derivatives have demonstrated hypolipidemic activity through peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor α (PPARα) activation. However, some compounds containing the fibrate scaffold have shown different pharmacological properties, also independent of PPARα activation, such as anti-inflammatory, analgesic, antioxidant, and antiplatelet activities. The aim of this review is to highlight the structure-activity relationships (SAR) in evaluating the significance of fibrates in the field of medicinal chemistry.

Development of Fibrates as Important Scaffolds in Medicinal Chemistry

Letizia Giampietro
;
Alessandra Ammazzalorso;Rosa Amoroso;Barbara De Filippis
2019

Abstract

Fibrates are a class of phenoxyisobutyric acid derivatives mainly used as anti-hyperlipidemic agents. The fibrate scaffold has undergone a variety of chemical modifications, providing a wide spectrum of biological activities. Within the last few years, the majority of new synthetic fibrate derivatives have demonstrated hypolipidemic activity through peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor α (PPARα) activation. However, some compounds containing the fibrate scaffold have shown different pharmacological properties, also independent of PPARα activation, such as anti-inflammatory, analgesic, antioxidant, and antiplatelet activities. The aim of this review is to highlight the structure-activity relationships (SAR) in evaluating the significance of fibrates in the field of medicinal chemistry.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11564/703992
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