BackgroundThe therapy for differentiated thyroid tumors is currently built upon two cornerstones: the stage of the disease and the new guidelines of the American Thyroid Association, jointly converging to lobohystmectomy for selected cases that meet certain criteria. The aim of the study was to relate these guidelines to the activity of an Italian center with a medium-high volume of thyroidectomies in a region with a high rate of endemic disease of the thyroid.MethodsIn order to conduct the analysis, the clinical records of the last 3years, including 194 cases of total thyroidectomy and 3 lobohystmectomy, were taken into consideration. There were 46 cases of differentiated thyroid cancer (18 incidental tumors were found during thyroidectomies for benign diseases). Postoperative complications, patient characteristics and the stage of the tumor were assessed in relation to the new ATA guidelines.ResultsAll patients underwent total thyroidectomy, with 2 of them also undergoing lymphadenectomy. The incidence of transient hypoparathyroidism was 19% with 1 case of permanent deficit. No cases of recurrent nerve injury were reported. Twenty-five out of the 28 patients with cancer preoperatively diagnosed were found with more nodules and in 15 of them the nodule had a diameter bigger than 1cm. All the parameters suggested lobohystmectomy only for one case.The treatment for the differentiated thyroid tumor is still widely discussed. Above all, differences between populations, screening methods and surveillance programs are still evident.ConclusionsThe ATA guidelines applied to our cases, even if limited, have shown limited applicability to our study, mainly due to the high incidence of multinodularity and the size of the nodule: typical characteristics of a region with a high rate of endemic thyroid pathology.

Impact of the new guidelines of the American Thyroid Association on the treatment of the differentiated thyroid tumor in an Italian center with medium-high volume thyroid surgery

Bove A.
;
Panaccio P.
;
Bongarzoni G.
2019

Abstract

BackgroundThe therapy for differentiated thyroid tumors is currently built upon two cornerstones: the stage of the disease and the new guidelines of the American Thyroid Association, jointly converging to lobohystmectomy for selected cases that meet certain criteria. The aim of the study was to relate these guidelines to the activity of an Italian center with a medium-high volume of thyroidectomies in a region with a high rate of endemic disease of the thyroid.MethodsIn order to conduct the analysis, the clinical records of the last 3years, including 194 cases of total thyroidectomy and 3 lobohystmectomy, were taken into consideration. There were 46 cases of differentiated thyroid cancer (18 incidental tumors were found during thyroidectomies for benign diseases). Postoperative complications, patient characteristics and the stage of the tumor were assessed in relation to the new ATA guidelines.ResultsAll patients underwent total thyroidectomy, with 2 of them also undergoing lymphadenectomy. The incidence of transient hypoparathyroidism was 19% with 1 case of permanent deficit. No cases of recurrent nerve injury were reported. Twenty-five out of the 28 patients with cancer preoperatively diagnosed were found with more nodules and in 15 of them the nodule had a diameter bigger than 1cm. All the parameters suggested lobohystmectomy only for one case.The treatment for the differentiated thyroid tumor is still widely discussed. Above all, differences between populations, screening methods and surveillance programs are still evident.ConclusionsThe ATA guidelines applied to our cases, even if limited, have shown limited applicability to our study, mainly due to the high incidence of multinodularity and the size of the nodule: typical characteristics of a region with a high rate of endemic thyroid pathology.
File in questo prodotto:
Non ci sono file associati a questo prodotto.

I documenti in IRIS sono protetti da copyright e tutti i diritti sono riservati, salvo diversa indicazione.

Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11564/704638
Citazioni
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.pmc??? 1
  • Scopus 1
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.isi??? 1
social impact