Objective: The independent prognostic significance of ambulatory blood pressure variability in the elderly is incompletely clear. We investigated the prognostic value of average real variability of 24-hour blood pressure in elderly treated hypertensive patients. Methods: The occurrence of a combined end-point including stroke, coronary events, heart failure requiring hospitalization and peripheral revascularization was evaluated in 757 elderly treated hypertensive patients. According to tertiles of average real variability of 24-hour systolic blood pressure patients were classified as having low (≤8.66 mmHg; n = 252), medium (8.67–10.05 mmHg; n = 252) or high (>10.05 mmHg; n = 253) average real variability. Results: During the follow-up (6.9 ± 3.4 years, range 0.4–12.9 years), 195 events occurred. The event rate of the population was 3.74 per 100 patient-years. After adjustment for age, sex, previous events, diabetes, estimated glomerular filtration rate, left ventricular hypertrophy, left atrial enlargement, asymptomatic left ventricular systolic dysfunction at baseline, 24-hour systolic blood pressure, non-dipping and dipping with high morning surge of blood pressure, patients with high average real variability were at higher cardiovascular risk than those with low average real variability (hazard ratio 1.64, 95% confidence interval 1.12–2.40). Conclusions: In elderly treated hypertensive patients, high average real variability of 24-hour systolic blood pressure is associated with higher cardiovascular risk independently of other risk markers, average 24-hour systolic blood pressure and circadian blood pressure changes.

Prognostic value of average real variability of systolic blood pressure in elderly treated hypertensive patients

Coccina, Francesca;Pierdomenico, Anna M.;Cuccurullo, Chiara;Pierdomenico, Sante D.
2019

Abstract

Objective: The independent prognostic significance of ambulatory blood pressure variability in the elderly is incompletely clear. We investigated the prognostic value of average real variability of 24-hour blood pressure in elderly treated hypertensive patients. Methods: The occurrence of a combined end-point including stroke, coronary events, heart failure requiring hospitalization and peripheral revascularization was evaluated in 757 elderly treated hypertensive patients. According to tertiles of average real variability of 24-hour systolic blood pressure patients were classified as having low (≤8.66 mmHg; n = 252), medium (8.67–10.05 mmHg; n = 252) or high (>10.05 mmHg; n = 253) average real variability. Results: During the follow-up (6.9 ± 3.4 years, range 0.4–12.9 years), 195 events occurred. The event rate of the population was 3.74 per 100 patient-years. After adjustment for age, sex, previous events, diabetes, estimated glomerular filtration rate, left ventricular hypertrophy, left atrial enlargement, asymptomatic left ventricular systolic dysfunction at baseline, 24-hour systolic blood pressure, non-dipping and dipping with high morning surge of blood pressure, patients with high average real variability were at higher cardiovascular risk than those with low average real variability (hazard ratio 1.64, 95% confidence interval 1.12–2.40). Conclusions: In elderly treated hypertensive patients, high average real variability of 24-hour systolic blood pressure is associated with higher cardiovascular risk independently of other risk markers, average 24-hour systolic blood pressure and circadian blood pressure changes.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11564/705832
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