Resolvins (Rvs), endogenous lipid mediators, play a key role in the resolution of inflammation. Sickle cell disease (SCD), a genetic disorder of hemoglobin, is characterized by inflammatory and vaso-occlusive pathologies. We document altered proresolving events following hypoxia/reperfusion in humanized SCD mice. We demonstrate novel protective actions of 17R-resolvin D1 (17R-RvD1; 7S, 8R, 17R-trihydroxy-4Z, 9E, 11E, 13Z, 15E, 19Z-docosahexaenoic acid) in reducing ex vivo human SCD blood leukocyte recruitment by microvascular endothelial cells and in vivo neutrophil adhesion and transmigration. In SCD mice exposed to hypoxia/reoxygenation, oral administration of 17R-RvD1 reduces systemic/local inflammation and vascular dysfunction in lung and kidney. The mechanism of action of 17R-RvD1 involves (1) enhancement of SCD erythrocytes and polymorphonuclear leukocyte efferocytosis, (2) blunting of NF-kappa B activation, and (3) a reduction in inflammatory cytokines, vascular activation markers, and E-selectin expression. Thus, 17R-RvD1 might represent a new therapeutic strategy for the inflammatory vasculopathy of SCD.

Resolution of sickle cell disease–associated inflammation and tissue damage with 17R-resolvin D1

Recchiuti A.;Lamolinara A.;
2019

Abstract

Resolvins (Rvs), endogenous lipid mediators, play a key role in the resolution of inflammation. Sickle cell disease (SCD), a genetic disorder of hemoglobin, is characterized by inflammatory and vaso-occlusive pathologies. We document altered proresolving events following hypoxia/reperfusion in humanized SCD mice. We demonstrate novel protective actions of 17R-resolvin D1 (17R-RvD1; 7S, 8R, 17R-trihydroxy-4Z, 9E, 11E, 13Z, 15E, 19Z-docosahexaenoic acid) in reducing ex vivo human SCD blood leukocyte recruitment by microvascular endothelial cells and in vivo neutrophil adhesion and transmigration. In SCD mice exposed to hypoxia/reoxygenation, oral administration of 17R-RvD1 reduces systemic/local inflammation and vascular dysfunction in lung and kidney. The mechanism of action of 17R-RvD1 involves (1) enhancement of SCD erythrocytes and polymorphonuclear leukocyte efferocytosis, (2) blunting of NF-kappa B activation, and (3) a reduction in inflammatory cytokines, vascular activation markers, and E-selectin expression. Thus, 17R-RvD1 might represent a new therapeutic strategy for the inflammatory vasculopathy of SCD.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11564/706052
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